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Segmenting consumers based on how they spend a tax rebate: An analysis of the Australian stimulus payment

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  • Oppewal, Harmen
  • Paas, Leonard J.
  • Crouch, Geoffrey I.
  • Huybers, Twan

Abstract

Tax rebates are instruments for stimulating consumer spending during recessions. Previous research assessed whether consumers use tax rebates for saving or, alternatively, purchasing goods and services. These studies concentrated on aggregate estimations. Based on the saving motive hierarchy suggested in the economic psychology literature, other theories on saving motives, and acquisition pattern analysis, we propose that consumers can be segmented by the purposes for which they use a tax rebate. We apply Latent Class Analysis to segment consumers in Australia according to their allocation of the 2009 government rebate, which was paid as a tax bonus, across a broad set of expenditure categories. The analysis reveals segments with different spending patterns, including segments we have labeled as 'investors', 'travelers', 'debt-payers', and four other segments. Segment membership is explained using a mix of socio-demographic variables, annual category expenditures, and psychological factors (materialism and consumer confidence). We discuss theoretical implications as well as managerial implications for policymakers and marketing.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Journal of Economic Psychology.

Volume (Year): 31 (2010)
Issue (Month): 4 (August)
Pages: 510-519

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Handle: RePEc:eee:joepsy:v:31:y:2010:i:4:p:510-519

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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/joep

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Keywords: Research methods and experimental design Consumer attitudes and behavior;

References

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Cited by:
  1. Ngwenya, Mthunzi A. & Paas, Leonard J., 2012. "Lifecycle effects on consumer financial product portfolios in South Africa: An exploratory analysis of four ethnic groups," Journal of Economic Psychology, Elsevier, vol. 33(1), pages 8-18.

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