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Livelihood and care of the elderly: Determinants of public attitudes in Japan

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  • Hayo, Bernd
  • Ono, Hiroyuki

Abstract

This study analyses public attitudes towards the degree of government involvement in ensuring the livelihood and care of the elderly in Japan. Using four waves of individual-level annual data from the Japanese General Social Survey collected over the period 2000-2005, we estimate ordered logit models with various explanatory variables based on the socio-demographic, economic, political, and social background of the respondents. Many significant factors are common for both livelihood and care specifications, their effects being qualitatively the same and in line with our prior expectations. The estimation results also show positive coefficients of year intercept dummies, implying an increase in support of a government-based system over time. Further investigation shows that this trend is caused by those who favour government redistribution policies becoming increasingly more consistent in their support for a government-based social security system in Japan.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Journal of the Japanese and International Economies.

Volume (Year): 25 (2011)
Issue (Month): 1 (March)
Pages: 76-98

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Handle: RePEc:eee:jjieco:v:25:y:2011:i:1:p:76-98

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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/inca/622903

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Keywords: Livelihood of elderly Care of elderly Public attitudes Aging societies Japan;

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  1. P.J.A. van Els & W.A. van den End & M.C.J. van Rooij, 2003. "Pensions and public opinion: a survey among dutch households," WO Research Memoranda (discontinued), Netherlands Central Bank, Research Department 752, Netherlands Central Bank, Research Department.
  2. Bernd Hayo & Hiroyuki Ono, 2007. "Comparing Public Attitudes Towards Providing for the Livelihood of the Elderly in Two aging Sodieties: Germany and Japan," Marburg Working Papers on Economics, Philipps-Universität Marburg, Faculty of Business Administration and Economics, Department of Economics (Volkswirtschaftliche Abteilung) 200703, Philipps-Universität Marburg, Faculty of Business Administration and Economics, Department of Economics (Volkswirtschaftliche Abteilung).
  3. Bernd Hayo & Doh Shin, 2002. "Mass Attitudes Toward Financial Crisis and Economic Reform in Korea," Development and Comp Systems, EconWPA 0205003, EconWPA.
  4. Tito Boeri & Axel Börsch-Supan & Guido Tabellini, 2001. "Would you like to shrink the welfare state? A survey of European citizens," Economic Policy, CEPR;CES;MSH, CEPR;CES;MSH, vol. 16(32), pages 7-50, 04.
  5. Tito Boeri & Axel Boersch-Supan & Guido Tabellini, 2002. "Pension Reforms and the Opinions of European Citizens," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 92(2), pages 396-401, May.
  6. Joan Costa-Font & Anna Garcia-Gonzalez & Montserrat Font-Vilalta, 2008. "Relative Income and Attitudes towards Long-Term Care Financing," The Geneva Papers on Risk and Insurance - Issues and Practice, Palgrave Macmillan, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 33(4), pages 673-693, October.
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