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What role did piggyback lending play in the housing bubble and mortgage collapse?

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  • LaCour-Little, Michael
  • Calhoun, Charles A.
  • Yu, Wei
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    Abstract

    We examine the use of simultaneous close junior lien lending ("piggybacks") over the course of the recent housing bubble and subsequent mortgage market collapse. Using both state-level and Zip code-level data over the period 2001-2008, we find that the fraction of piggyback originations is related to higher foreclosure and default rates in subsequent years, and this relation is strongest for non-owner-occupied properties. The pattern, however, appears to be limited to the use of subprime piggybacks, rather than a more general phenomenon. Using a topology-based housing supply elasticity measure as an instrument for house price growth, we further confirm that the strong association of subprime piggyback origination with worse loan performance was not driven by the endogeneity of house price appreciation.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Journal of Housing Economics.

    Volume (Year): 20 (2011)
    Issue (Month): 2 (June)
    Pages: 81-100

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    Handle: RePEc:eee:jhouse:v:20:y:2011:i:2:p:81-100

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    Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/inca/622881

    Related research

    Keywords: Mortgage Foreclosure Housing Piggyback lending;

    References

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    1. Anthony Pennington-Cross & Giang Ho, 2006. "The termination of subprime hybrid and fixed rate mortgages," Working Papers 2006-042, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis.
    2. Glenn B. Canner & Charles A. Luckett, 1994. "Home equity lending: evidence from recent surveys," Federal Reserve Bulletin, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.), issue Jul, pages 571-583.
    3. Benjamin J. Keys & Tanmoy Mukherjee & Amit Seru & Vikrant Vig, 2010. "Did Securitization Lead to Lax Screening? Evidence from Subprime Loans," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 125(1), pages 307-362, February.
    4. Agarwal, Sumit & Ambrose, Brent W. & Liu, Chunlin, 2006. "Credit Lines and Credit Utilization," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 38(1), pages 1-22, February.
    5. Atif Mian & Amir Sufi, 2009. "The Consequences of Mortgage Credit Expansion: Evidence from the U.S. Mortgage Default Crisis," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 124(4), pages 1449-1496, November.
    6. Karen M. Pence, 2006. "Foreclosing on Opportunity: State Laws and Mortgage Credit," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 88(1), pages 177-182, February.
    7. Agarwal, Sumit & Ambrose, Brent W. & Chomsisengphet, Souphala & Liu, Chunlin, 2006. "An empirical analysis of home equity loan and line performance," Journal of Financial Intermediation, Elsevier, vol. 15(4), pages 444-469, October.
    8. Robert B. Avery & Kenneth P. Brevoort & Glenn B. Canner, 2007. "Opportunities and Issues in Using HMDA Data," Journal of Real Estate Research, American Real Estate Society, vol. 29(4), pages 351-380.
    9. Glenn B. Canner & Thomas A. Durkin & Charles A. Luckett, 1998. "Recent developments in home equity lending," Federal Reserve Bulletin, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.), issue Apr, pages 241-251.
    10. Mark Doms & Fred Furlong & John Krainer, 2007. "Subprime mortgage delinquency rates," Working Paper Series 2007-33, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco.
    11. Coleman IV, Major & LaCour-Little, Michael & Vandell, Kerry D., 2008. "Subprime lending and the housing bubble: Tail wags dog?," Journal of Housing Economics, Elsevier, vol. 17(4), pages 272-290, December.
    12. Michael LaCour-Little, 2004. "Equity Dilution: An Alternative Perspective on Mortgage Default," Real Estate Economics, American Real Estate and Urban Economics Association, vol. 32(3), pages 359-384, 09.
    13. Glenn B. Canner & James T. Fergus & Charles A. Luckett, 1988. "Home equity lines of credit," Federal Reserve Bulletin, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.), issue Jun, pages 361-373.
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    Cited by:
    1. James Kau & Donald Keenan & Constantine Lyubimov, 2014. "First Mortgages, Second Mortgages, and Their Default," The Journal of Real Estate Finance and Economics, Springer, vol. 48(4), pages 561-588, May.
    2. Natacha Postel-Vinay, 2014. "Debt Dilution in 1920s America: Lighting the Fuse of a Mortgage Crisis," Working Papers 0053, European Historical Economics Society (EHES).
    3. Anundsen, André Kallåk & Heebøll, Christian, 2013. "Supply Restrictions, Subprime Lending and Regional US Housing Prices," Memorandum 04/2013, Oslo University, Department of Economics.

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