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Regulatory pressure and fire sales in the corporate bond market

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Author Info

  • Ellul, Andrew
  • Jotikasthira, Chotibhak
  • Lundblad, Christian T.

Abstract

This paper investigates fire sales of downgraded corporate bonds induced by regulatory constraints imposed on insurance companies. As insurance companies hold over one-third of investment-grade corporate bonds, the collective need to divest downgraded issues may be limited by a scarcity of counterparties. Using insurance company transaction data, we find that insurance companies that are relatively more constrained by regulation are more likely to sell downgraded bonds. Bonds subject to a high probability of regulatory-induced selling exhibit price declines and subsequent reversals. These price effects appear larger during periods when the insurance industry is relatively distressed and other potential buyers' carpital is scarce.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Journal of Financial Economics.

Volume (Year): 101 (2011)
Issue (Month): 3 (September)
Pages: 596-620

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Handle: RePEc:eee:jfinec:v:101:y:2011:i:3:p:596-620

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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/inca/505576

Related research

Keywords: Fire sales Regulation Price pressure Liquidity Corporate bonds Insurance companies;

References

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Das, Sanjiv & Kalimipalli, Madhu & Nayak, Subhankar, 2014. "Did CDS trading improve the market for corporate bonds?," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 111(2), pages 495-525.
  2. Cristina Cella & Andrew Ellul & Mariassunta Giannetti, . "Investors’ Horizons and the Amplification of Market Shocks," FMG Discussion Papers dp717, Financial Markets Group.
  3. Bo Becker & Marcus Opp, 2013. "Replacing Ratings," NBER Working Papers 19257, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Milidonis, Andreas, 2013. "Compensation incentives of credit rating agencies and predictability of changes in bond ratings and financial strength ratings," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 37(9), pages 3716-3732.
  5. Opp, Christian C. & Opp, Marcus M. & Harris, Milton, 2013. "Rating agencies in the face of regulation," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 108(1), pages 46-61.
  6. Andrew Ellul & Chotibhak Jotikasthira & Christian T. Lundblad & Yihui Wang, 2012. "Is Historical Cost Accounting a Panacea? Market Stress, Incentive Distortions, and Gains Trading," FMG Discussion Papers dp701, Financial Markets Group.
  7. Greenwood, Robin & Thesmar, David, 2011. "Stock price fragility," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 102(3), pages 471-490.
  8. Xia, Han, 2014. "Can investor-paid credit rating agencies improve the information quality of issuer-paid rating agencies?," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 111(2), pages 450-468.
  9. Hasan, Iftekhar & O’Brien, Jonathan & Ye , Pengfei, 2013. "What types of bondholders impede corporate innovative activities?," Research Discussion Papers 23/2013, Bank of Finland.

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