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Constructing gender differences in the economics lab

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Author Info

  • Boschini, Anne
  • Muren, Astri
  • Persson, Mats

Abstract

We study the effects of experimental design on male and female behavior in a dictator game. Following social identity theory we investigate how experimental procedure may affect outcome through gender priming, i.e. the activation of gender stereotypes specifying that women behave altruistically and men egoistically. We prime subjects by asking them to indicate their gender in a questionnaire, before playing the game. In our experiment, such gender priming is effective (i.e. creates a gender difference in generosity) in gender-mixed environments, but not in single-sex environments. Further, men are more sensitive to priming than women are.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization.

Volume (Year): 84 (2012)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
Pages: 741-752

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Handle: RePEc:eee:jeborg:v:84:y:2012:i:3:p:741-752

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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/jebo

Related research

Keywords: Self-stereotyping; Identity; Social norms; Generosity; Altruism; Gender roles; Experimental method;

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References

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  1. Are women really more generous?
    by Economic Logician in Economic Logic on 2009-10-05 14:22:00
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Cited by:
  1. Bertrand, Marianne, 2011. "New Perspectives on Gender," Handbook of Labor Economics, Elsevier.
  2. Boschini, Anne & Muren, Astri & Persson, Mats, 2011. "Men among men do not take norm enforcement seriously," Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics (formerly The Journal of Socio-Economics), Elsevier, vol. 40(5), pages 523-529.

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