Race, driving, and police organization: Modeling moving and nonmoving traffic stops with citizen self-reports of driving practices
AbstractA rapidly growing body of police scholarship has found evidence of racial disparities in traffic stop patterns using police-generated data. Despite the empirical consensus, the question of whether race inappropriately influences traffic stop patterns remains open, largely as a result of methodological weaknesses. The current article helps to address this issue by employing self-report data about citizens' driving practices and traffic stops. It presents a series of models that predict the likelihood of a self-reported traffic stop disaggregated by police organizational type and the reason for the stop. Results suggest that moving and nonmoving driving practices are associated with the likelihood of police stops for moving and nonmoving reasons, respectively. As expected, differences between local police and state police models emerge. Finally, Black drivers and younger drivers are especially vulnerable to traffic stop risk for nonmoving stops by local police, even after controlling for driving behaviors.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Elsevier in its journal Journal of Criminal Justice.
Volume (Year): 37 (2009)
Issue (Month): 6 (November)
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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/jcrimjus
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- Jeffrey Grogger & Greg Ridgeway, 2005.
"Testing for Racial Profiling in Traffic Stops from Behind a Veil of Darkness,"
0507, Harris School of Public Policy Studies, University of Chicago.
- Grogger, Jeffrey & Ridgeway, Greg, 2006. "Testing for Racial Profiling in Traffic Stops From Behind a Veil of Darkness," Journal of the American Statistical Association, American Statistical Association, vol. 101, pages 878-887, September.
- Birzer, Michael L. & Birzer, Gwynne Harris, 2006. "Race matters: A critical look at racial profiling, it's a matter for the courts," Journal of Criminal Justice, Elsevier, vol. 34(6), pages 643-651.
- Kowalski, Brian R. & Lundman, Richard J., 2007. "Vehicle stops by police for driving while Black: Common problems and some tentative solutions," Journal of Criminal Justice, Elsevier, vol. 35(2), pages 165-181.
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