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Does culture still matter?: The effects of individualism on national innovation rates

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  • Taylor, Mark Zachary
  • Wilson, Sean

Abstract

Does a society's culture affect its rate of inventive activity? This article analyzes several independent datasets of culture and innovation from 62 countries spanning more than two decades. It finds that most measures of individualism have a strong, significant, and positive effect on innovation, even when controlling for major policy variables. However, the data also suggest that a certain type of collectivism (i.e. patriotism and nationalism) can also foster innovation at the national level. Meanwhile, other types of collectivism (i.e. familism and localism) not only harm innovation rates, but may hurt progress in science worse than technology.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Journal of Business Venturing.

Volume (Year): 27 (2012)
Issue (Month): 2 ()
Pages: 234-247

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Handle: RePEc:eee:jbvent:v:27:y:2012:i:2:p:234-247

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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/jbusvent

Related research

Keywords: Schwartz; GLOBE; science; technology; patents;

References

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Patrick Kreiser & Louis Marino & Donald Kuratko & K. Weaver, 2013. "Disaggregating entrepreneurial orientation: the non-linear impact of innovativeness, proactiveness and risk-taking on SME performance," Small Business Economics, Springer, Springer, vol. 40(2), pages 273-291, February.
  2. Henrekson, Magnus, 2014. "Entrepreneurship, Innovation and Human Flourishing," Working Paper Series, Research Institute of Industrial Economics 999, Research Institute of Industrial Economics, revised 15 Jan 2014.
  3. Černe, Matej & Jaklič, Marko & Škerlavaj, Miha, 2013. "Decoupling management and technological innovations: Resolving the individualism–collectivism controversy," Journal of International Management, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 19(2), pages 103-117.
  4. Sharon Simmons & Johan Wiklund & Jonathan Levie, 2014. "Stigma and business failure: implications for entrepreneurs’ career choices," Small Business Economics, Springer, Springer, vol. 42(3), pages 485-505, March.

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