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A typology of social entrepreneurs: Motives, search processes and ethical challenges

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  • Zahra, Shaker A.
  • Gedajlovic, Eric
  • Neubaum, Donald O.
  • Shulman, Joel M.
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    Abstract

    Social entrepreneurship has been the subject of considerable interest in the literature. This stems from its importance in addressing social problems and enriching communities and societies. In this article, we define social entrepreneurship; discuss its contributions to creating social wealth; offer a typology of entrepreneurs' search processes that lead to the discovery of opportunities for creating social ventures; and articulate the major ethical concerns social entrepreneurs might encounter. We conclude by outlining implications for entrepreneurs and advancing an agenda for future research, especially the ethics of social entrepreneurship.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Journal of Business Venturing.

    Volume (Year): 24 (2009)
    Issue (Month): 5 (September)
    Pages: 519-532

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    Handle: RePEc:eee:jbvent:v:24:y:2009:i:5:p:519-532

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    Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/jbusvent

    Related research

    Keywords: Social entrepreneurship Social wealth Entrepreneurial search process Typologies Ethics;

    References

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    1. Peredo, Ana María & McLean, Murdith, 2006. "Social entrepreneurship: A critical review of the concept," Journal of World Business, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 41(1), pages 56-65, February.
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    Cited by:
    1. Weitzel, Utz & Urbig, Diemo & Desai, Sameeksha & Sanders, Mark & Acs, Zoltan, 2010. "The good, the bad, and the talented: Entrepreneurial talent and selfish behavior," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 76(1), pages 64-81, October.
    2. Eddy Tukamushaba & Laura Orobia & Babu George, 2011. "Development of a conceptual model to understand international social entrepreneurship and its application in the Ugandan context," Journal of International Entrepreneurship, Springer, Springer, vol. 9(4), pages 282-298, December.
    3. Phillips, Nelson & Tracey, Paul & Karra, Neri, 2013. "Building entrepreneurial tie portfolios through strategic homophily: The role of narrative identity work in venture creation and early growth," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 28(1), pages 134-150.
    4. Choi, Nia & Majumdar, Satyajit, 2014. "Social entrepreneurship as an essentially contested concept: Opening a new avenue for systematic future research," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 29(3), pages 363-376.
    5. Brigitte Hoogendoorn & Peter van der Zwan & Daniela Guerra, 2014. "What drives environmental practices of SMEs?," Scales Research Reports, EIM Business and Policy Research H201405, EIM Business and Policy Research.
    6. Jason Potts & John Foster & Anna Straton, 2010. "An entrepreneurial model of economic and environmental co-evolution," Discussion Papers Series, School of Economics, University of Queensland, Australia 409, School of Economics, University of Queensland, Australia.
    7. Chantal Hartog & Brigitte Hoogendoorn & Sophie Bacq & Jan Lepoutre, 2011. "Social and commercial entrepreneurship: Exploring individual and organizational characteristics," Scales Research Reports, EIM Business and Policy Research H201110, EIM Business and Policy Research.
    8. Achleitner, Ann-Kristin & Lutz, Eva & Mayer, Judith & Spiess-Knafl, Wolfgang, 2011. "Disentangeling gut feeling: Assessing the integrity of social entrepreneurs," CEFS Working Paper Series, Center for Entrepreneurial and Financial Studies (CEFS), Technische Universität München 2011-03, Center for Entrepreneurial and Financial Studies (CEFS), Technische Universität München.
    9. Arnold, Denis G. & Valentin, Andres, 2013. "Corporate social responsibility at the base of the pyramid," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 66(10), pages 1904-1914.
    10. Patricia Crifo & Vanina Forget & Sabrina Teyssier, 2012. "The price of unsustainability: An experiment with professional private equity investors," Working Papers, HAL hal-00757203, HAL.
    11. Suzanne Campin & Jo Barraket & Belinda Luke, 2013. "micro-Business Community Responsibility in Australia: Approaches, Motivations and Barriers," Journal of Business Ethics, Springer, Springer, vol. 115(3), pages 489-513, July.
    12. Jan Lepoutre & Rachida Justo & Siri Terjesen & Niels Bosma, 2011. "Designing a Global Standardized Methodology for Measuring Social Entrepreneurship," Global Entrepreneurship Monitor Working Paper Series, Global Entrepreneurship Research Association 1107, Global Entrepreneurship Research Association, revised Sep 2011.
    13. Filipe Santos, 2012. "A Positive Theory of Social Entrepreneurship," Journal of Business Ethics, Springer, Springer, vol. 111(3), pages 335-351, December.
    14. Richard Arend, 2013. "Ethics-focused dynamic capabilities: a small business perspective," Small Business Economics, Springer, Springer, vol. 41(1), pages 1-24, June.
    15. Johanna Mair & Julie Battilana & Julian Cardenas, 2012. "Organizing for Society: A Typology of Social Entrepreneuring Models," Journal of Business Ethics, Springer, Springer, vol. 111(3), pages 353-373, December.
    16. Nicola Pless & Jenny Appel, 2012. "In Pursuit of Dignity and Social Justice: Changing Lives Through 100 % Inclusion—How Gram Vikas Fosters Sustainable Rural Development," Journal of Business Ethics, Springer, Springer, vol. 111(3), pages 389-411, December.
    17. Allison, Thomas H. & McKenny, Aaron F. & Short, Jeremy C., 2013. "The effect of entrepreneurial rhetoric on microlending investment: An examination of the warm-glow effect," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 28(6), pages 690-707.
    18. Sean Patrick Sassmannshausen & Christine Volkmann, 2013. "A Bibliometric Based Review on Social Entrepreneurship and its Establishment as a Field of Research," Schumpeter Discussion Papers, Universitätsbibliothek Wuppertal, University Library sdp13003, Universitätsbibliothek Wuppertal, University Library.
    19. Jan Lepoutre & Rachida Justo & Siri Terjesen & Niels Bosma, 2013. "Designing a global standardized methodology for measuring social entrepreneurship activity: the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor social entrepreneurship study," Small Business Economics, Springer, Springer, vol. 40(3), pages 693-714, April.
    20. Zoltan Acs & Mary Boardman & Connie McNeely, 2013. "The social value of productive entrepreneurship," Small Business Economics, Springer, Springer, vol. 40(3), pages 785-796, April.
    21. G. Lumpkin & Todd Moss & David Gras & Shoko Kato & Alejandro Amezcua, 2013. "Entrepreneurial processes in social contexts: how are they different, if at all?," Small Business Economics, Springer, Springer, vol. 40(3), pages 761-783, April.
    22. Hall, Jeremy K. & Daneke, Gregory A. & Lenox, Michael J., 2010. "Sustainable development and entrepreneurship: Past contributions and future directions," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 25(5), pages 439-448, September.
    23. Harris, Jared D. & Sapienza, Harry J. & Bowie, Norman E., 2009. "Ethics and entrepreneurship," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 24(5), pages 407-418, September.

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