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Rule breaking in adolescence and entrepreneurial status: An empirical investigation

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  • Zhang, Zhen
  • Arvey, Richard D.
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    Abstract

    Entrepreneurship researchers contend that many entrepreneurs are rule breakers in order to succeed in their venturing processes. Few studies have examined the longitudinal relationship between negative forms of rule breaking in adolescence and entrepreneurial status in adulthood. Drawing upon Willis' [Willis, R.H. 1963. Two dimensions of conformity-nonconformity. Sociometry 26: 499-513.] theory on nonconformity, this study hypothesizes a positive relationship between an individual's modest rule breaking in adolescence and entrepreneurial status. Results (NÂ =Â 165) support this hypothesis and also show that modest rule breaking serves as a mediator in the relationship between risk propensity and entrepreneurial status. These results have important implications for entrepreneurs' ethical decision making.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Journal of Business Venturing.

    Volume (Year): 24 (2009)
    Issue (Month): 5 (September)
    Pages: 436-447

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    Handle: RePEc:eee:jbvent:v:24:y:2009:i:5:p:436-447

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    Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/jbusvent

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    Keywords: Rule breaking Entrepreneurial status Ethics Constructive deviance;

    References

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    1. Ciavarella, Mark A. & Buchholtz, Ann K. & Riordan, Christine M. & Gatewood, Robert D. & Stokes, Garnett S., 2004. "The Big Five and venture survival: Is there a linkage?," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 19(4), pages 465-483, July.
    2. StewartJr., Wayne H. & Watson, Warren E. & Carland, Joann C. & Carland, James W., 1999. "A proclivity for entrepreneurship: A comparison of entrepreneurs, small business owners, and corporate managers," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 14(2), pages 189-214, March.
    3. Mullins, John W. & Forlani, David, 2005. "Missing the boat or sinking the boat: a study of new venture decision making," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 20(1), pages 47-69, January.
    4. Begley, Thomas M. & Boyd, David P., 1987. "Psychological characteristics associated with performence in entrepreneurial firms and smaller businesses," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 2(1), pages 79-93.
    5. Brenkert, George G., 2009. "Innovation, rule breaking and the ethics of entrepreneurship," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 24(5), pages 448-464, September.
    6. Sandberg, William R. & Hofer, Charles W., 1987. "Improving new venture performance: The role of strategy, industry structure, and the entrepreneur," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 2(1), pages 5-28.
    7. Simon, Mark & Houghton, Susan M. & Aquino, Karl, 2000. "Cognitive biases, risk perception, and venture formation: How individuals decide to start companies," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 15(2), pages 113-134, March.
    8. Carter, Nancy M. & Gartner, William B. & Shaver, Kelly G. & Gatewood, Elizabeth J., 2003. "The career reasons of nascent entrepreneurs," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 18(1), pages 13-39, January.
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    Cited by:
    1. Obschonka, Martin & Silbereisen, Rainer K. & Schmitt-Rodermund, Eva & Stuetzer, Michael, 2010. "Nascent entrepreneurship and the developing individual: Early entrepreneurial competence in adolescence and venture creation success during the career," MPRA Paper 32021, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 21 Dec 2010.
    2. Stuetzer, Michael & Obschonka, Martin & Schmitt-Rodermund, Eva, 2012. "Balanced skills among nascent entrepreneurs," MPRA Paper 37524, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Harris, Jared D. & Sapienza, Harry J. & Bowie, Norman E., 2009. "Ethics and entrepreneurship," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 24(5), pages 407-418, September.
    4. Richard Arend, 2013. "Ethics-focused dynamic capabilities: a small business perspective," Small Business Economics, Springer, Springer, vol. 41(1), pages 1-24, June.
    5. Martin Obschonka & Eva Schmitt-Rodermund & Rainer K. Silbereisen & Samuel D. Gosling & Jeff Potter, 2013. "The Regional Distribution and Correlates of an Entrepreneurship-Prone Personality Profile in the United States, Germany, and the United Kingdom: A Socioecological Perspective," SOEPpapers on Multidisciplinary Panel Data Research, DIW Berlin, The German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP) 550, DIW Berlin, The German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP).
    6. Noor Hasni Juhdi Author_Email: hasni8878@yahoo.com, 2011. "Entrepreneurial Success Attributes And Entrepreneurs," 2nd International Conference on Business and Economic Research (2nd ICBER 2011) Proceeding, Conference Master Resources 2011-240, Conference Master Resources.

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