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Innovation at the workplace: Do professional competencies matter?

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  • Vila, Luis E.
  • Pérez, Pedro J.
  • Coll-Serrano, Vicente

Abstract

This paper analyzes individuals' propensity to innovate in professional environments, by focusing on the specific competency profile of individuals who play a role in the incorporation of product, technological, and knowledge innovations at work. The analysis draws on economic and managerial literature on innovation, innovative behavior, and competencies to gain a better understanding of the relationships between the process of competency development and innovative behavior in working environments. Using data from REFLEX, a European survey on the transition from higher education to labor markets, the empirical component of this study estimates discrete response models to explain the propensity of individuals to innovate at work. The models take the responses to a set of 19 questionnaire items as the basis for determining individuals' competency profiles, while also incorporating firm, working environment, and personal characteristics. The estimation results provide evidence of significant marginal effects of specific competencies on the probability that individuals act as innovators at the workplace. Competencies such as alertness to new opportunities, ability to present products, ideas or reports, ability to mobilize the capacities of others, ability to come up with new ideas and solutions, and ability to use computers and the Internet appear to have stronger marginal effects on the likelihood of innovating and, consequently, emerge as key competencies in explaining the propensity of individuals to become innovators in their working environments.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Journal of Business Research.

Volume (Year): 67 (2014)
Issue (Month): 5 ()
Pages: 752-757

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Handle: RePEc:eee:jbrese:v:67:y:2014:i:5:p:752-757

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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/jbusres

Related research

Keywords: Professional competences; Innovation; Graduates; Higher education; Probability models;

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  1. Chen, Chung-Jen & Huang, Jing-Wen, 2009. "Strategic human resource practices and innovation performance -- The mediating role of knowledge management capacity," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 62(1), pages 104-114, January.
  2. Filippo Belloc, 2012. "Corporate Governance And Innovation: A Survey," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 26(5), pages 835-864, December.
  3. Robert E. Lucas, Jr., 2008. "Ideas and Growth," NBER Working Papers 14133, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Schultz, Theodore W, 1975. "The Value of the Ability to Deal with Disequilibria," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 13(3), pages 827-46, September.
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