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Financial development and asset valuation: The special case of real estate

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  • Shahid Ebrahim, M.
  • Hussain, Sikandar

Abstract

This paper studies the impact of financial development on asset valuation. We model the agency theoretic perspective of risk-averse investors and financiers in a general equilibrium setting under the framework of rational expectations (i.e., symmetric information). We focus on real estate, as it constitutes a special case of complete market contracting where adverse selection and moral hazard are easily mitigated. Our results illustrate an increase in pareto-efficiency, as financial architecture advances from: (i) banks to capital markets; and (ii) plain vanilla debt to an innovative one with participation clauses. This is attributed to the reduction in agency costs and cross-sectional risk-sharing, leading to an increase in the value of property. Our results predict that an optimal financial system will orient itself towards efficient financial contracts, irrespective of its source of origination. We also rationalize the co-existence of banks and capital markets, and generalize our results under a set of restrictive conditions.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Journal of Banking & Finance.

Volume (Year): 34 (2010)
Issue (Month): 1 (January)
Pages: 150-162

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Handle: RePEc:eee:jbfina:v:34:y:2010:i:1:p:150-162

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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/jbf

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Keywords: Financial deepening Financial innovation Financial liberalization Risk management;

References

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Cited by:
  1. Murizah Osman Salleh & Aziz Jaafar & M. Shahid Ebrahim, 2011. "The Inhibition of Usury (Riba An-Nasi'ah) and the Economic Underdevelopment of the Muslim World," Working Papers 11002, Bangor Business School, Prifysgol Bangor University (Cymru / Wales).
  2. Yue-Jun Zhang, 2010. "The impact of financial development on carbon emissions: an empirical analysis in China," CEEP-BIT Working Papers 8, Center for Energy and Environmental Policy Research (CEEP), Beijing Institute of Technology.
  3. Ebrahim, M. Shahid & Shackleton, Mark B. & Wojakowski, Rafal M., 2011. "Participating mortgages and the efficiency of financial intermediation," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 35(11), pages 3042-3054, November.

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