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Estimation and empirical properties of a firm-year measure of accounting conservatism

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  • Khan, Mozaffar
  • Watts, Ross L.
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    Abstract

    We estimate a firm-year measure of accounting conservatism, examine its empirical properties as a metric, and illustrate applications by testing new hypotheses that shed further light on the nature and effects of conservatism. The results are consistent with the measure, C_Score, capturing variation in conservatism and also predicting asymmetric earnings timeliness at horizons of up to 3 years ahead. Cross-sectional hypothesis tests suggest firms with longer investment cycles, higher idiosyncratic uncertainty and higher information asymmetry have higher accounting conservatism. Event studies suggest increased conservatism is a response to increases in information asymmetry and idiosyncratic uncertainty.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Journal of Accounting and Economics.

    Volume (Year): 48 (2009)
    Issue (Month): 2-3 (December)
    Pages: 132-150

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    Handle: RePEc:eee:jaecon:v:48:y:2009:i:2-3:p:132-150

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    Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/jae

    Related research

    Keywords: Conservatism Asymmetric timeliness Firm-year measure Information asymmetry Litigation;

    References

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    Citations

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    Cited by:
    1. Jennifer Martínez-Ferrero, 2014. "Consequences of financial reporting quality on corporate performance. Evidence at the international level," Estudios de Economia, University of Chile, Department of Economics, vol. 41(1 Year 20), pages 49-88, June.
    2. Francis, Jere R. & Martin, Xiumin, 2010. "Acquisition profitability and timely loss recognition," Journal of Accounting and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 49(1-2), pages 161-178, February.
    3. Tan, Liang, 2013. "Creditor control rights, state of nature verification, and financial reporting conservatism," Journal of Accounting and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 55(1), pages 1-22.
    4. André, Paul & Filip, Andrei & Paugam, Luc, 2013. "Impact of Mandatory IFRS Adoption on Conditional Conservatism in Europe," ESSEC Working Papers WP1311, ESSEC Research Center, ESSEC Business School.
    5. Kim, Yongtae & Li, Haidan & Li, Siqi, 2012. "Does eliminating the Form 20-F reconciliation from IFRS to U.S. GAAP have capital market consequences?," Journal of Accounting and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 53(1), pages 249-270.
    6. Lin, Fengyi & Wu, Chung-Min & Fang, Tzu-Yi & Wun, Jheng-Ci, 2014. "The relations among accounting conservatism, institutional investors and earnings manipulation," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 37(C), pages 164-174.
    7. Dai, Lili & Ngo, Phong T. H., 2013. "Political Uncertainty and Accounting Conservatism: Evidence from the U.S. Presidential Election Cycle," MPRA Paper 43606, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    8. Ettredge, Michael & Huang, Ying & Zhang, Weining, 2012. "Earnings restatements and differential timeliness of accounting conservatism," Journal of Accounting and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 53(3), pages 489-503.
    9. Goh, Beng Wee & Li, Dan, 2013. "The Disciplining Effect of the Internal Control Provisions of the Sarbanes–Oxley Act on the Governance Structures of Firms," The International Journal of Accounting, Elsevier, vol. 48(2), pages 248-278.
    10. Lawrence, Alastair & Sloan, Richard & Sun, Yuan, 2013. "Non-discretionary conservatism: Evidence and implications," Journal of Accounting and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 56(2), pages 112-133.
    11. Judson Caskey & Kyle Peterson, 2014. "Conservatism measures that control for the effects of economic rents on stock returns," Review of Quantitative Finance and Accounting, Springer, vol. 42(4), pages 731-756, May.
    12. Jayaraman, Sudarshan, 2012. "The effect of enforcement on timely loss recognition: Evidence from insider trading laws," Journal of Accounting and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 53(1), pages 77-97.
    13. DeFond, Mark L., 2010. "Earnings quality research: Advances, challenges and future research," Journal of Accounting and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 50(2-3), pages 402-409, December.
    14. Gina Cavalier-Rosa & Samuel L. Tiras, 2013. "Brazil’s adoption of IFRS: fertile ground for examining earnings management," Brazilian Business Review, Fucape Business School, vol. 10(4), pages 133-146, October.
    15. Beatty, Anne & Liao, Scott, 2011. "Do delays in expected loss recognition affect banks' willingness to lend?," Journal of Accounting and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 52(1), pages 1-20, June.
    16. Xu, Nianhang & Li, Xiaorong & Yuan, Qingbo & Chan, Kam C., 2014. "Excess perks and stock price crash risk: Evidence from China," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 25(C), pages 419-434.
    17. Chen, Jeff Zeyun & Lobo, Gerald J. & Wang, Yanyan & Yu, Lisheng, 2013. "Loan collateral and financial reporting conservatism: Chinese evidence," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 37(12), pages 4989-5006.

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