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Knowledge ties among subsidiaries in MNCs: A multi-level conceptual model

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  • Gnyawali, Devi R.
  • Singal, Manisha
  • Mu, Shaohua "Carolyn"
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    Abstract

    While ties among subsidiaries--the key players of a MNC network--are a prerequisite for the formation of the network and the flow of knowledge within the organization, we know little about factors influencing the formation of such ties. By building on the literature on inter-firm networks and knowledge-based view of the firm, we develop a multi-level model consisting of subsidiary characteristics, dyadic dynamics, and salient contextual factors to explain the inter-subsidiary collaboration for knowledge development and exchange. We bring to the fore the importance of examining multiple dimensions in understanding what predicts tie formation and the efficacy of these ties in creating a knowledge advantage. This paper advances the notion of subsidiary knowledge networking capability--the ability to form, manage, and leverage a network for gaining and sharing knowledge--and suggests that such capability is critical for subsidiaries and by extension the MNC, to achieve a competitive advantage.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Journal of International Management.

    Volume (Year): 15 (2009)
    Issue (Month): 4 (December)
    Pages: 387-400

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    Handle: RePEc:eee:intman:v:15:y:2009:i:4:p:387-400

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    Related research

    Keywords: MNC network Knowledge Subsidiary ties Collaboration;

    References

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    Cited by:
    1. Yamin, Mo & Andersson, Ulf, 2011. "Subsidiary importance in the MNC: What role does internal embeddedness play?," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 20(2), pages 151-162, April.
    2. repec:hal:gemwpa:hal-00864324 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Michailova, Snejina & Mustaffa, Zaidah, 2012. "Subsidiary knowledge flows in multinational corporations: Research accomplishments, gaps, and opportunities," Journal of World Business, Elsevier, vol. 47(3), pages 383-396.
    4. Gammelgaard, Jens & McDonald, Frank & Stephan, Andreas & Tüselmann, Heinz & Dörrenbächer, Christoph, 2012. "The impact of increases in subsidiary autonomy and network relationships on performance," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 21(6), pages 1158-1172.
    5. Lamin, Anna & Dunlap, Denise, 2011. "Complex technological capabilities in emerging economy firms: The role of organizational relationships," Journal of International Management, Elsevier, vol. 17(3), pages 211-228, September.
    6. Scott, Pamela & Gibbons, Patrick & Coughlan, Joseph, 2010. "Developing subsidiary contribution to the MNC--Subsidiary entrepreneurship and strategy creativity," Journal of International Management, Elsevier, vol. 16(4), pages 328-339, December.
    7. Esther Tippmann & Pamela Sharkey Scott & Vincent Mangematin, 2012. "Learning in MNCs: How subsidiary managers do (and do not) create global solutions," Grenoble Ecole de Management (Post-Print) hal-00756252, HAL.
    8. Victor Oltra & Jaime Bonache & Chris Brewster, 2013. "A New Framework for Understanding Inequalities Between Expatriates and Host Country Nationals," Journal of Business Ethics, Springer, vol. 115(2), pages 291-310, June.
    9. repec:hal:wpaper:hal-00864324 is not listed on IDEAS

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