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Mode predictors in nonlinear systems with identities

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  • Calzolari, Giorgio
  • Panattoni, Lorenzo

Abstract

For a nonlinear system of simultaneous equations, the mode of the joint distribution of the endogenous variables in the forecast period is proposed as alternative to the more usual deterministic or mean predictors. A first method follows from maximizing the joint density of a subset of the endogenous variables, corresponding to stochastic equations only (analogously to FIML estimation, where identities are first substituted into stochastic equations). Then a more general approach is developed, which maintains the identities. The model with identities is viewed as a mapping between the space of the random errors and a hypersurface in the space of the endogenous variables; the probability density is defined, and maximization is performed on such a hypersurface. Experimental results on these two mode predictors (and comparisons with deterministic and mean predictors) are provided for a macro model of the Italian economy.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal International Journal of Forecasting.

Volume (Year): 6 (1990)
Issue (Month): 3 (October)
Pages: 317-326

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Handle: RePEc:eee:intfor:v:6:y:1990:i:3:p:317-326

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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/ijforecast

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  1. Fisher, Paul & Salmon, Mark, 1985. "On Evaluating the Importance of Non-Linearity in Large Macroeconometric Models," CEPR Discussion Papers 86, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  2. Bianchi, Carlo & Calzolari, Giorgio, 1980. "The One-Period Forecast Errors in Nonlinear Econometric Models," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 21(1), pages 201-08, February.
  3. Amemiya, Takeshi, 1983. "Non-linear regression models," Handbook of Econometrics, in: Z. Griliches† & M. D. Intriligator (ed.), Handbook of Econometrics, edition 1, volume 1, chapter 6, pages 333-389 Elsevier.
  4. Brundy, James M & Jorgenson, Dale W, 1971. "Efficient Estimation of Simultaneous Equations by Instrumental Variables," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 53(3), pages 207-24, August.
  5. Wallis, Kenneth F., 1982. "'Time-series' versus 'econometric' forecasts : A non-linear regression counterexample," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 10(3-4), pages 309-315.
  6. Brown, Bryan W & Mariano, Roberto S, 1984. "Residual-Based Procedures for Prediction and Estimation in a Nonlinear Simultaneous System," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 52(2), pages 321-43, March.
  7. Fair, Ray C, 1980. "Estimating the Expected Predictive Accuracy of Econometric Models," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 21(2), pages 355-78, June.
  8. Calzolari, Giorgio, 1979. "Antithetic variates to estimate the simulation bias in non-linear models," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 4(4), pages 323-328.
  9. Brillet, Jean-Louis & Calzolari, Giorgio & Panattoni, Lorenzo, 1986. "Coherent optimal prediction with large nonlinear systems: an example based on a French model," MPRA Paper 29057, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  10. Hall, S G, 1986. "The Application of Stochastic Simulation Techniques to the National Institute's Model 7," The Manchester School of Economic & Social Studies, University of Manchester, vol. 54(2), pages 180-201, June.
  11. James M. Brundy & Dale W. Jorgenson, 1971. "Efficient estimation of simultaneous equations by instrumental variables," Working Papers in Applied Economic Theory 3, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco.
  12. Bianchi, Carlo & Calzolari, Giorgio & Corsi, Paolo, 1976. "Divergences in the results of stochastic and deterministic simulation of an Italian non linear econometric model," MPRA Paper 21287, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  13. Mariano, Roberto S & Brown, Bryan W, 1983. "Asymptotic Behavior of Predictors in a Nonlinear Simultaneous System," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 24(3), pages 523-36, October.
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Cited by:
  1. Maximiano Pinheiro & Paulo Esteves, 2012. "On the uncertainty and risks of macroeconomic forecasts: combining judgements with sample and model information," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 42(3), pages 639-665, June.

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