Technical regulations and specialization in international trade
AbstractIt is widely acknowledged that while technical regulations can improve welfare and facilitate markets, they can also impede trade. The trade impeding effects of technical regulations are especially worrisome for developing countries: they frequently lack the human and capital resources necessary to satisfy technical measures, and thus are more likely to be excluded from markets by technical measures. This paper uses highly disaggregated US data on agricultural, mining and manufacturing imports to examine the impact of technical regulations on trade patterns. Using instrumental variables estimation to correct for the potential endogeneity of technical regulations, the analysis suggests that technical regulations substantially impinge on poor countries' exports: their weaker capacities to satisfy technical regulations lead them to specialize away from industries with heavier regulatory burdens.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Elsevier in its journal Journal of International Economics.
Volume (Year): 76 (2008)
Issue (Month): 2 (December)
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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/inca/505552
International trade Technical regulations Comparative advantage Developing countries Non-tariff barriers F13 O24 O19;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- Int - Health, Education, and Welfare - - - - -
- tra - - - - - -
- Tec - - - - - -
- reg - - - - - -
- Com - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - - - -
- adv - - - - - -
- Dev - Microeconomics - - - - -
- cou - - - - - -
- Non - Economic History - - - - -
- bar - - - - - -
- F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations
- O24 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Development Planning and Policy - - - Trade Policy; Factor Movement; Foreign Exchange Policy
- O19 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - International Linkages to Development; Role of International Organizations
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