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FDI theory and foreign direct investment in the United States: a comparison of investors and non-investors

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  • Trevino, Len J.
  • Daniels, John D.
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    Abstract

    This study used discriminant function analysis on a sample of 240 non-US firms to determine if they could be correctly classified as direct investors or non-investors in the United States for each year during the five year period 1984-1988. Results were robust, correctly classifying 72.81% of all firms (5-year average). Specifically, investors were larger and more profitable than non-investors. They came from industries with higher exports to the United States, and which spend more on research and development. Unexpectedly, prior rates of industry export growth to the United States and global industry concentration did not discriminate between investors and non-investors.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Elsevier in its journal International Business Review.

    Volume (Year): 4 (1995)
    Issue (Month): 2 (June)
    Pages: 177-194

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    Handle: RePEc:eee:iburev:v:4:y:1995:i:2:p:177-194

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    Related research

    Keywords: Foreign Direct Investment Discriminant Function Analysis;

    References

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    1. H. Baumann, 1975. "Merger theory, property rights and the pattern of U. S. Direct Investment in Canada," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer, vol. 111(4), pages 676-698, December.
    2. Caves, Richard E, 1974. "Causes of Direct Investment: Foreign Firms' Shares in Canadian and United Kingdom Manufacturing Industries," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 56(3), pages 279-93, August.
    3. Irving B. Kravis & Robert E. Lipsey, 1980. "The Location of Overseas Production and Production for Export by U.S. Multinational Firms," NBER Working Papers 0482, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    4. Severn, Alan K. & Laurence, Martin M., 1974. "Direct Investment, Research Intensity, and Profitability," Journal of Financial and Quantitative Analysis, Cambridge University Press, vol. 9(02), pages 181-190, March.
    5. James M Lutz & Robert T Green, 1983. "The Product Life Cycle and the Export Position of the United States," Journal of International Business Studies, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 14(3), pages 77-93, September.
    6. Caves, Richard E, 1971. "International Corporations: The Industrial Economics of Foreign Investment," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 38(149), pages 1-27, February.
    7. Horst, Thomas, 1972. "Firm and Industry Determinants of the Decision to Invest Abroad: An Empirical Study," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 54(3), pages 258-66, August.
    8. Orr, Dale, 1974. "The Determinants of Entry: A Sudy of the Canadian Manufacturing Industries," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 56(1), pages 58-66, February.
    9. Giorgio Ragazzi, 1973. "Theories of the Determinants of Direct Foreign Investment (Théorie des facteurs qui déterminent l'investissement étranger direct) (Teorías de los determinantes de la inversión extranjer," IMF Staff Papers, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 20(2), pages 471-498, July.
    10. Teece, David J., 1986. "Transactions cost economics and the multinational enterprise An Assessment," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 7(1), pages 21-45, March.
    11. Edward Brown Flowers, 1976. "Oligopolistic Reactions in European and Canadian Direct Investment in the United States," Journal of International Business Studies, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 7(2), pages 43-56, June.
    12. Chwo-Ming J Yu & Kiyohiko Ito, 1988. "Oligopolistic Reaction and Foreign Direct Investment: The Case of the U.S. Tire and Textiles Industries," Journal of International Business Studies, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 19(3), pages 449-460, September.
    13. Mansfield, Edwin & Romeo, Anthony & Wagner, Samuel, 1979. "Foreign Trade and U.S. Research and Development," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 61(1), pages 49-57, February.
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    Cited by:
    1. Trevino, Len J. & Thomas, Douglas E. & Cullen, John, 2008. "The three pillars of institutional theory and FDI in Latin America: An institutionalization process," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 17(1), pages 118-133, February.
    2. Lee, Tian-Shyug & Chiu, Chih-Chou & Chou, Yu-Chao & Lu, Chi-Jie, 2006. "Mining the customer credit using classification and regression tree and multivariate adaptive regression splines," Computational Statistics & Data Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 50(4), pages 1113-1130, February.

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