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Exploring cultural misfit: Causes and consequences

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  • Roth, Kendall
  • Kostova, Tatiana
  • Dakhli, Mourad
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    Abstract

    In this paper, we examine the phenomenon of cultural misfit and its consequences for the individual. We argue that while cultural misfit may lead to illegitimacy and inefficiency, it may also create comparative advantages for individuals, especially under certain task conditions and in certain societies. To theorize on the link between cultural misfit and individual effectiveness, we explore the types of networks that people develop based on cultural influences and the impact of these networks on their effectiveness. We conceptualize cultural effects at two levels of analysis. At the level of the individual we explore the individual cultural orientations of idiocentrism-allocentrism and verticality-horizontality. At the societal level we explore the effects of individualism-collectivism. Individual networks are conceptualized through the constructs of structural holes and trust. The model presented here has important implications for various business situations where individuals operate in environments that differ significantly from their own cultural inclinations.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Elsevier in its journal International Business Review.

    Volume (Year): 20 (2011)
    Issue (Month): 1 (February)
    Pages: 15-26

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    Handle: RePEc:eee:iburev:v:20:y:2011:i:1:p:15-26

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    Related research

    Keywords: Culture Effectiveness Horizontality-verticality Individual networks Individualism-collectivism Idiocentrism-allocentrism Legitimacy Structural holes Strong ties;

    References

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    1. J Stewart Black & Lyman W Porter, 1991. "Managerial Behaviors and Job Performance: A Successful Manager in Los Angeles May Not Succeed in Hong Kong," Journal of International Business Studies, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 22(1), pages 99-113, March.
    2. Chapman, Malcolm & Gajewska-De Mattos, Hanna & Clegg, Jeremy & Jennings Buckley, Peter, 2008. "Close neighbours and distant friends--perceptions of cultural distance," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 17(3), pages 217-234, June.
    3. Saini, Debi S. & Budhwar, Pawan S., 2008. "Managing the human resource in Indian SMEs: The role of indigenous realities," Journal of World Business, Elsevier, vol. 43(4), pages 417-434, October.
    4. Harris, Simon & Carr, Chris, 2008. "National cultural values and the purpose of businesses," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 17(1), pages 103-117, February.
    5. Cheng, Louis T.W. & Chan, Ricky Y.K. & Leung, T.Y., 2010. "Management demography and corporate performance: Evidence from China," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 19(3), pages 261-275, June.
    6. Ivan M Manev & William B Stevenson, 2001. "Nationality, Cultural Distance, and Expatriate Status: Effects on the Managerial Network in a Multinational Enterprise," Journal of International Business Studies, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 32(2), pages 285-303, June.
    7. Kevin Y Au, 1999. "Intra-cultural Variation: Evidence and Implications for International Business," Journal of International Business Studies, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 30(4), pages 799-812, December.
    8. Delerue, Hélène & Simon, Eric, 2009. "National cultural values and the perceived relational risks in biotechnology alliance relationships," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 18(1), pages 14-25, February.
    9. Au, Kevin Y., 2000. "Intra-cultural variation as another construct of international management: a study based on secondary data of 42 countries," Journal of International Management, Elsevier, vol. 6(3), pages 217-238.
    10. De Clercq, Dirk & Danis, Wade M. & Dakhli, Mourad, 2010. "The moderating effect of institutional context on the relationship between associational activity and new business activity in emerging economies," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 19(1), pages 85-101, February.
    11. Magnusson, Peter & Baack, Daniel W. & Zdravkovic, Srdan & Staub, Karin M. & Amine, Lyn S., 2008. "Meta-analysis of cultural differences: Another slice at the apple," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 17(5), pages 520-532, October.
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    Cited by:
    1. Robertson, Christopher J. & Diyab, Abdulhamid A. & Al-Kahtani, Ali, 2013. "A cross-national analysis of perceptions of corporate governance principles," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 22(1), pages 315-325.
    2. Selmer, Jan & Lauring, Jakob, 2013. "Dispositional affectivity and work outcomes of expatriates," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 22(3), pages 568-577.

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