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Social capital, knowledge, and the international growth of technology-based new firms

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  • Yli-Renko, H.
  • Autio, E.
  • Tontti, V.
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    Abstract

    This paper develops a model of the international growth of technology-based new firms (TBNFs) by drawing on the social capital theory and the knowledge-based view of the firm. The model aims at explaining the role of intra- and inter-organizational relationships in building the firm's distinctive knowledge base and in achieving international growth. It is hypothesized that internal and external social capital influence the acquisition and creation of knowledge, and that knowledge is a key resource driving the international growth of TBNFs. The model also takes into account the influence of growth orientation on international growth. The model is tested with longitudinal growth data from Finnish TBNFs. Structural equation modeling provides support for the hypotheses. The results suggest highly relevant practical implications for entrepreneurs: by fostering social capital within the firm and in external relationships, significant benefits can be achieved for the firm's knowledge base and international growth.

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    File URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0969593101000610
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Elsevier in its journal International Business Review.

    Volume (Year): 11 (2002)
    Issue (Month): 3 (June)
    Pages: 279-304

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    Handle: RePEc:eee:iburev:v:11:y:2002:i:3:p:279-304

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    Related research

    Keywords: Social capital Knowledge acquisition Internationalization Technology-based new firms;

    References

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    1. Phillips McDougall, Patricia & Shane, Scott & Oviatt, Benjamin M., 1994. "Explaining the formation of international new ventures: The limits of theories from international business research," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, vol. 9(6), pages 469-487, November.
    2. Utterback, James M. & Meyer, Marc & Roberts, Edward & Reitberger, Goren, 1988. "Technology and industrial innovation in Sweden: A study of technology-based firms formed between 1965 and 1980," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 17(1), pages 15-26, February.
    3. James Steiger & Alexander Shapiro & Michael Browne, 1985. "On the multivariate asymptotic distribution of sequential Chi-square statistics," Psychometrika, Springer, vol. 50(3), pages 253-263, September.
    4. Zhao, Liming & Aram, John D., 1995. "Networking and growth of young technology-intensive ventures in China," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, vol. 10(5), pages 349-370, September.
    5. Kent Eriksson & Jan Johanson & Anders Majkg´┐Żrd & D Deo Sharma, 1997. "Experimental Knowledge and Costs in the Internationalization Process," Journal of International Business Studies, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 28(2), pages 337-360, June.
    6. Otto Andersen, 1993. "On the Internationalization Process of Firms: A Critical Analysis," Journal of International Business Studies, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 24(2), pages 209-231, June.
    7. Birley, Sue, 1985. "The role of networks in the entrepreneurial process," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, vol. 1(1), pages 107-117.
    8. Hadjikhani, Amjad, 1997. "A note on the criticisms against the internationalization process model," Working Papers 1997:2, Uppsala University, Department of Business Studies.
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