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State-level tobacco control policies and youth smoking cessation measures

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Author Info

  • Tworek, Cindy
  • Yamaguchi, Ryoko
  • Kloska, Deborah D.
  • Emery, Sherry
  • Barker, Dianne C.
  • Giovino, Gary A.
  • O'Malley, Patrick M.
  • Chaloupka, Frank J.

Abstract

Objective Research on the effects of state-level tobacco control policies targeted at youth has been mixed, with little on the effects of these policies and youth smoking cessation. This study explored the association between state-level tobacco control policies and youth smoking cessation behaviors from 1991 to 2006.Methods The study design was a population-based, nested survey of students within states. Study participants were 8th, 10th, and 12th graders who reported smoking "regularly in the past" or "regularly now" from the Monitoring the Future study. Main cessation outcome measures were: any quit attempt; want to quit; non-continuation of smoking; and discontinuation of smoking.Results Results showed that cigarette price was positively associated with a majority of cessation-related measures among high school smokers. Strength of sales to minors' laws was also associated with adolescent non-continuation of smoking among 10th and 12th graders.Conclusions Findings suggest that increasing cigarette price can encourage cessation-related behaviors among high school smokers. Evidence-based policy, such as tax increases on tobacco products, should be included as an important part of comprehensive tobacco control policy, which can have a positive effect on decreasing smoking prevalence and increasing smoking cessation among youth.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Health Policy.

Volume (Year): 97 (2010)
Issue (Month): 2-3 (October)
Pages: 136-144

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Handle: RePEc:eee:hepoli:v:97:y:2010:i:2-3:p:136-144

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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/healthpol

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Keywords: Adolescent Smoking cessation Tobacco control Policy;

References

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  1. Hana Ross & Frank J. Chaloupka, 2003. "The effect of cigarette prices on youth smoking," Health Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 12(3), pages 217-230.
  2. Frank J. Chaloupka & Kenneth E. Warner, 1999. "The Economics of Smoking," NBER Working Papers 7047, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Jason, Leonard A. & Pokorny, Steven B. & Adams, Monica, 2008. "A randomized trial evaluating tobacco possession-use-purchase laws in the USA," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 67(11), pages 1700-1707, December.
  4. Farrelly, Matthew C. & Pechacek, Terry F. & Chaloupka, Frank J., 2003. "The impact of tobacco control program expenditures on aggregate cigarette sales: 1981-2000," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 22(5), pages 843-859, September.
  5. Wasserman, Jeffrey & Manning, Willard G. & Newhouse, Joseph P. & Winkler, John D., 1991. "The effects of excise taxes and regulations on cigarette smoking," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 10(1), pages 43-64, May.
  6. DeCicca, Philip & Kenkel, Don & Mathios, Alan, 2008. "Cigarette taxes and the transition from youth to adult smoking: Smoking initiation, cessation, and participation," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 27(4), pages 904-917, July.
  7. Carpenter, Christopher & Cook, Philip J., 2008. "Cigarette taxes and youth smoking: New evidence from national, state, and local Youth Risk Behavior Surveys," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 27(2), pages 287-299, March.
  8. Tauras, John A., 2004. "Public policy and smoking cessation among young adults in the United States," Health Policy, Elsevier, vol. 68(3), pages 321-332, June.
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