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Casualized employment and turnover intention: Home care workers in Ontario, Canada

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  • Zeytinoglu, Isik U.
  • Denton, Margaret
  • Davies, Sharon
  • Plenderleith, Jennifer Millen
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    Abstract

    The purpose of this paper is to examine the associations between casualized employment and turnover intention in home care. Casualized employment refers to employment conditions of non-permanent contracts, part-time or casual hours, involuntary hours, on-call work, split shifts, pay per visit, and hourly pay with variable hours. Casualized employment also refers to perceived employment insecurity and labour market insecurity. Data are from a survey of 991 visiting nurses, therapists and home support workers in a medium-sized city in Ontario, Canada. Results show that, controlling for many other factors, casual hours and perceived employment insecurity and labour market insecurity are positively and on-call work is negatively associated with home care workers' turnover intention. Non-permanent contract, part-time hours, involuntary hours, split shifts, and non-salaried pay are features of the market-modelled home care work environment and therefore may not be associated with turnover intention. Results provide evidence on the effects of casualized employment strategies on home care workers' turnover intention.

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    File URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6V8X-4VGDNJN-2/2/3ec8febdc56cf6392199099235dafb83
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Health Policy.

    Volume (Year): 91 (2009)
    Issue (Month): 3 (August)
    Pages: 258-268

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    Handle: RePEc:eee:hepoli:v:91:y:2009:i:3:p:258-268

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    Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/healthpol

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    Keywords: Casualized employment Perceived insecurity Home care workers Turnover intention;

    References

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    Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
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    1. Susan Eaton, 2005. "Eldercare In The United States: Inadequate, Inequitable, But Not A Lost Cause," Feminist Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 11(2), pages 37-51.
    2. Jane Aronson & Margaret Denton & Isik Zeytinoglu, 2004. "Market-Modelled Home Care in Ontario: Deteriorating Working Conditions and Dwindling Community Capacity," Canadian Public Policy, University of Toronto Press, vol. 30(1), pages 111-125, March.
    3. Margaret Denton & Isik Urla Zeytinoglu & Sharon Davies, 2003. "Organizational Change and the Health and Well-Being of Home Care Workers," Social and Economic Dimensions of an Aging Population Research Papers, McMaster University 110, McMaster University.
    4. Breedveld, Elly J. & Meijboom, Bert R. & de Roo, Aad A., 2006. "Labour supply in the home care industry: A case study in a Dutch region," Health Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 76(2), pages 144-155, April.
    5. Martineau, Tim & Willetts, Annie, 2006. "The health workforce: Managing the crisis ethical international recruitment of health professionals: will codes of practice protect developing country health systems?," Health Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 75(3), pages 358-367, February.
    6. Bloom, Joan R. & Alexander, Jeffrey A. & Nichols, Beverly A., 1992. "The effect of the social organization of work on the voluntary turnover rate of hospital nurses in the United States," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 34(12), pages 1413-1424, June.
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