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Maternal health care in Indian districts

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  • Ghosh, Arabinda
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    Abstract

    Health plays an important role in economic well-being. The relationship between poor health and poverty is multifaceted. Globally, reproductive health conditions are the second highest cause of ill health. This study uses district-level data from India to investigate how an index of maternal health care is impacted by the rate of poverty, and a development index based on the performance in electrification, sanitation and safe drinking water. The initial results from a linear regression model show that maternal health care improves by 0.617 percentage point for every 1 percentage point increase in development intervention but by only 0.078 percentage point for every 1 percentage point decline in poverty rate. After checking for possible simultaneity problem between maternal health care index (MHCI) and poverty rate, it is revealed that the low negative relationship between poverty and MHCI at the initial stage does not hold any more while the district development index continues to show the considerable and statistically significant impact. The findings underscore the need for direct government intervention in improving maternal health care in Indian districts.

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    File URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0168851011001941
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Health Policy.

    Volume (Year): 103 (2011)
    Issue (Month): 2 ()
    Pages: 290-296

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    Handle: RePEc:eee:hepoli:v:103:y:2011:i:2:p:290-296

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    Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/healthpol

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    Keywords: District development index (DDI); Maternal health care index (MHCI); Proportion of desires of family planning satisfied (PDS); Poverty; Reproductive health;

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    1. T. Paul Schultz, 1999. "Health and Schooling Investments in Africa," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 13(3), pages 67-88, Summer.
    2. Bhargava, Alok & Jamison, Dean T. & Lau, Lawrence J. & Murray, Christopher J. L., 2001. "Modeling the effects of health on economic growth," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 20(3), pages 423-440, May.
    3. Strauss, J. & Thomas, D., 1995. "Health, Nutrition and Economic development," Papers 95-23, RAND - Labor and Population Program.
    4. Quamrul Ashraf & Ashley Lester & David Weil, 2008. "When Does Improving Health Raise GDP?," Working Papers 2008-7, Brown University, Department of Economics.
    5. T. Paul Schultz, 1999. "Health and Schooling Investments in Africa," Working Papers 801, Economic Growth Center, Yale University.
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