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Bank supervision, regulation, and efficiency: Evidence from the European Union

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  • Chortareas, Georgios E.
  • Girardone, Claudia
  • Ventouri, Alexia

Abstract

This paper investigates the dynamics between key regulatory and supervisory policies and various aspects of commercial bank efficiency and performance for a sample of 22 EU countries over 2000–2008. In the first stage of the analysis we measure efficiency by employing the Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) technique. In addition, we employ two distinct accounting ratios to capture the costs of intermediation (net interest margin) and cost effectiveness (cost-to-income ratio). Our regression framework includes truncated regressions and generalized linear models. Moreover, we carry out a sensitivity analysis for robustness using a fractional logit estimator. Our results show that strengthening capital restrictions and official supervisory powers can improve the efficient operations of banks. Evidence also indicates that interventionist supervisory and regulatory policies such as private sector monitoring and restricting bank activities can result in higher bank inefficiency levels. Finally, the evidence produced suggests that the beneficial effects of capital restrictions and official supervisory powers (interventionist supervisory and regulatory policies) on bank efficiency are more pronounced in countries with higher quality institutions.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Journal of Financial Stability.

Volume (Year): 8 (2012)
Issue (Month): 4 ()
Pages: 292-302

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Handle: RePEc:eee:finsta:v:8:y:2012:i:4:p:292-302

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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/jfstabil

Related research

Keywords: Bank performance; Regulation and supervision; European Banks; DEA; Truncated regression; Bootstrap;

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Cited by:
  1. repec:cmj:journl:y:2013:i:27:popovicimc is not listed on IDEAS
  2. Mihăiță-Cosmin M. Popovici, 2013. "Latest Challenges In Efficiency Convergence In Balkan And Baltic Countries," Network Intelligence Studies, Fundația Română pentru Inteligența Afacerii, Editorial Department, issue 2, pages 110-118, October.
  3. Mihăiță-Cosmin M. POPOVICI, 2013. "A Survey On Bank Efficiency Research With Data Envelopment Analysis And Stochastic Frontier Analysis," SEA - Practical Application of Science, Fundația Română pentru Inteligența Afacerii, Editorial Department, issue 1, pages 134-142, June.
  4. Julian Llorent, Maria del Carmen Melgar, Jose Antonio Ordaz, Flor María Guerrero, 2013. "Stress Tests and Liquidity Crisis in the Banking System," Equilibrium, Uniwersytet Mikolaja Kopernika, vol. 8, pages 31-43.
  5. Pessarossi , Pierre & Weill , Laurent, 2013. "Do capital requirements affect bank efficiency? Evidence from China," BOFIT Discussion Papers 28/2013, Bank of Finland, Institute for Economies in Transition.
  6. Mihăiță-Cosmin M. POPOVICI, 2014. "Impact Of Financial Crisis On Banking Efficiency: Evidence From Romania," SEA - Practical Application of Science, Fundația Română pentru Inteligența Afacerii, Editorial Department, issue 3, pages 451-456, April.
  7. Masciandaro, Donato & Pansini, Rosaria Vega & Quintyn, Marc, 2013. "The economic crisis: Did supervision architecture and governance matter?," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 9(4), pages 578-596.

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