Competition, efficiency and interest rate margins in Latin American banking
AbstractHigh interest rate spreads and low credit availability to the private sector have been persistent problems in Latin American banking in spite of the recent financial sector reforms. This paper considers the determinants of interest rate margins focusing on their relationship with structural and non-structural measures of competition and non-parametric estimates of efficiency. In the empirical analysis we revisit the traditional Structure–Conduct–Performance paradigm and we estimate panel regressions using a Generalized Method of Moments (GMM) framework, for a sample of over 1700 bank observations covering the period 1999–2006. The results show that the concentration index and the market share have little or no influence on interest rate margins. In contrast, we produce evidence suggesting that greater efficiency and competitive markets result in lower spreads. Moreover, while a higher proportion of loans over assets seem to be associated with high spreads, economic growth appears to reduce them.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Elsevier in its journal International Review of Financial Analysis.
Volume (Year): 24 (2012)
Issue (Month): C ()
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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/inca/620166
Net interest margins; Banking competition; Efficiency; Data envelopment analysis; Latin America;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
- D24 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Production; Cost; Capital; Capital, Total Factor, and Multifactor Productivity; Capacity
- L11 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Production, Pricing, and Market Structure; Size Distribution of Firms
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- Lis-Gutiérrez, Jenny-Paola, 2013.
"Medidas de concentración y estabilidad de mercado. Una aplicación para Excel
[Market concentration and market stability measures. An application for Excel]," MPRA Paper 47615, University Library of Munich, Germany.
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