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Ideal types of family business management: Horizontal fit between family and business decisions and the relationship with family business performance

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  • Basco, Rodrigo
  • Pérez Rodríguez, María José
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    Abstract

    Despite considerable progress made using systems and configurative approaches in family business research, current knowledge remains limited on how different combinations of organizational attributes determine relevant outcomes and, therefore, how family affects businesses. To address this question, we focus on the overlap between family and business at management and governance levels. We posit that family- and business-oriented decisions emerge in four areas: board of directors, succession, human resources, and strategic process. This argument allows us to conceive three ideal types of family firms that yield maximum family firm performance, by considering the way that family firms adjust their orientations in their decisions. Building on a sample of 732 privately owned Spanish family firms, we propose the following main hypothesis: the greater the similarity of a family firm to an ideal profile, the better its performance. Our main results show that family firms can achieve successful business results by using a combination of family and business orientations in their decision making.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Journal of Family Business Strategy.

    Volume (Year): 2 (2011)
    Issue (Month): 3 ()
    Pages: 151-165

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    Handle: RePEc:eee:fambus:v:2:y:2011:i:3:p:151-165

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    Related research

    Keywords: Family business; Family business performance; Ideal types; Configurative approach; Horizontal fit;

    References

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    1. Jeroen van den Heuvel & Anita Van Gils & Wim Voordeckers, 2006. "Board Roles in Small and Medium-Sized Family Businesses: performance and importance," Corporate Governance: An International Review, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 14(5), pages 467-485, 09.
    2. Leenders, Mark & Waarts, Eric, 2003. "Competitiveness and Evolution of Family Businesses:: The Role of Family and Business Orientation," European Management Journal, Elsevier, vol. 21(6), pages 686-697, December.
    3. N. Venkatraman & Vasudevan Ramanujam, 1987. "Planning System Success: A Conceptualization and an Operational Model," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 33(6), pages 687-705, June.
    4. Lindow, Corinna M. & Stubner, Stephan & Wulf, Torsten, 2010. "Strategic fit within family firms: The role of family influence and the effect on performance," Journal of Family Business Strategy, Elsevier, vol. 1(3), pages 167-178, September.
    5. Zellweger, Thomas M. & Eddleston, Kimberly A. & Kellermanns, Franz W., 2010. "Exploring the concept of familiness: Introducing family firm identity," Journal of Family Business Strategy, Elsevier, vol. 1(1), pages 54-63, March.
    6. Garcia-Castro, Roberto & Casasola, Mª José, 2011. "A set-theoretic analysis of the components of family involvement in publicly listed and major unlisted firms," Journal of Family Business Strategy, Elsevier, vol. 2(1), pages 15-25, March.
    7. Astrachan, Joseph H., 2010. "Strategy in family business: Toward a multidimensional research agenda," Journal of Family Business Strategy, Elsevier, vol. 1(1), pages 6-14, March.
    8. Arosa, Blanca & Iturralde, Txomin & Maseda, Amaia, 2010. "Ownership structure and firm performance in non-listed firms: Evidence from Spain," Journal of Family Business Strategy, Elsevier, vol. 1(2), pages 88-96, June.
    9. Frank, Hermann & Lueger, Manfred & Nosé, Lavinia & Suchy, Daniela, 2010. "The concept of "Familiness": Literature review and systems theory-based reflections," Journal of Family Business Strategy, Elsevier, vol. 1(3), pages 119-130, September.
    10. Holland, Phyllis G. & Boulton, William R., 1984. "Balancing the "Family" and the "Business" in family business," Business Horizons, Elsevier, vol. 27(2), pages 16-21.
    11. Ensley, Michael D. & Pearson, Allison W. & Sardeshmukh, Shruti R, 2007. "The negative consequences of pay dispersion in family and non-family top management teams: an exploratory analysis of new venture, high-growth firms," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 60(10), pages 1039-1047, October.
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    Cited by:
    1. Goel, Sanjay & Mazzola, Pietro & Phan, Phillip H. & Pieper, Torsten M. & Zachary, Ramona K., 2012. "Strategy, ownership, governance, and socio-psychological perspectives on family businesses from around the world," Journal of Family Business Strategy, Elsevier, vol. 3(2), pages 54-65.
    2. Basco, Rodrigo, 2013. "The family's effect on family firm performance: A model testing the demographic and essence approaches," Journal of Family Business Strategy, Elsevier, vol. 4(1), pages 42-66.
    3. San Martin-Reyna, J.M. & Duran-Encalada, Jorge A., 2012. "The relationship among family business, corporate governance and firm performance: Evidence from the Mexican stock exchange," Journal of Family Business Strategy, Elsevier, vol. 3(2), pages 106-117.
    4. Hirigoyen, Gérard & Labaki, Rania, 2012. "The role of regret in the owner-manager decision-making in the family business: A conceptual approach," Journal of Family Business Strategy, Elsevier, vol. 3(2), pages 118-126.
    5. Tappeiner, Florian & Howorth, Carole & Achleitner, Ann-Kristin & Schraml, Stephanie, 2012. "Demand for private equity minority investments: A study of large family firms," Journal of Family Business Strategy, Elsevier, vol. 3(1), pages 38-51.
    6. Collin, Sven-Olof Yrjö & Ahlberg, Jenny, 2012. "Blood in the boardroom: Family relationships influencing the functions of the board," Journal of Family Business Strategy, Elsevier, vol. 3(4), pages 207-219.
    7. Peterson, Preston & Distelberg, Brian J., 2011. "Differentiating value orientations and unity in values as predictors of varying family business system processes," Journal of Family Business Strategy, Elsevier, vol. 2(4), pages 207-219.

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