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The determinants of local population growth: A study of Oxfordshire in the nineteenth century

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  • Casson, Mark
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    Abstract

    This paper presents a new econometric model for analysing population growth at the village and town level. It develops and applies a theory of the equilibrium distribution of population over space. The theory emphasises geographical fundamentals, such as rivers as transport corridors, and soil types that govern agricultural specialisation; also institutional factors such as town government, market charters and the concentration of land ownership. Nineteenth century Oxfordshire is used as a case study, but the method can also be applied at a multi-county and national level. The results show that the development of railways in nineteenth-century Oxfordshire accelerated a long-term shake-out in the market system, whereby rural markets disappeared and urban markets grew. This shake-out had significant implications for population growth at the local level.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Explorations in Economic History.

    Volume (Year): 50 (2013)
    Issue (Month): 1 ()
    Pages: 28-45

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    Handle: RePEc:eee:exehis:v:50:y:2013:i:1:p:28-45

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    Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/inca/622830

    Related research

    Keywords: Population; Growth; Railway; Market town; Oxfordshire;

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