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Income inequality in central Spain, 1690-1800

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  • Santiago-Caballero, Carlos

Abstract

This paper studies the evolution of income inequality in central Spain during the late seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, taking as case study the province of Guadalajara. The first part of the paper presents the sources and the dataset that was created to estimate income inequality using grain tithes. The second section shows that through the period grain represented the lion share of total income and therefore that it can be used as a reliable proxy. The following part of the paper introduces an analysis of income inequality in the province during the period 1690-1800 and concludes that inequality decreased during the last third of the eighteenth century. Finally the paper addresses this unexpected result and concludes that it was consequence of the success of the land reform carried out by the central government in the late 1760s. The reform was a success in Guadalajara, thanks to the characteristics of its population and the lack of bargaining power of pressure groups.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Explorations in Economic History.

Volume (Year): 48 (2011)
Issue (Month): 1 (January)
Pages: 83-96

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Handle: RePEc:eee:exehis:v:48:y:2011:i:1:p:83-96

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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/inca/622830

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Keywords: Agrarian history Inequality Pressure groups Institutions;

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  1. Stanley L Engerman & Kenneth L. Sokoloff, 2002. "Factor Endowments, Inequality, and Paths of Development Among New World Economics," NBER Working Papers 9259, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Kevin H. O'Rourke & Jeffrey G. Williamson, 2000. "When Did Globalization Begin?," NBER Working Papers 7632, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. O'Rourke, Kevin H., 1997. "The European Grain Invasion, 1870–1913," The Journal of Economic History, Cambridge University Press, vol. 57(04), pages 775-801, December.
  4. Simpson, James, 1989. "La produccion agraria y el consumo español en el siglo XIX," Revista de Historia Económica, Cambridge University Press, vol. 7(02), pages 355-388, September.
  5. Steckel, Richard H. & Moehling, Carolyn M., 2001. "Rising Inequality: Trends In The Distribution Of Wealth In Industrializing New England," The Journal of Economic History, Cambridge University Press, vol. 61(01), pages 160-183, March.
  6. Juan Antonio Lacomba, 1999. "Las desigualdades interiores en Andalucía en perspectiva histórica. Una aproximación," Revista de Estudios Regionales, Universidades Públicas de Andalucía, vol. 2, pages 315-334.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Carlos Santiago-Caballero, 2012. "Provincial grain yields in Spain, 1750-2009," Working Papers in Economic History wp12-04, Universidad Carlos III, Departamento de Historia Económica e Instituciones.
  2. Marc Badia-Miro & Enric Tello, 2013. "An agency-oriented model to explain vine-growing specialization in the province of Barcelona (Catalonia, Spain) in the mid-nineteenth century," Working Papers in Economics 290, Universitat de Barcelona. Espai de Recerca en Economia.
  3. Jesús Gonzalo & Jean-Yves Pitarakis, 2012. "Estimation and inference in threshold type regime switching models," Economics Working Papers we1204, Universidad Carlos III, Departamento de Economía.
  4. Carlos Santiago-Caballero, 2012. "Explaining wheat yields in eighteenth-century Spain," Working Papers in Economic History wp12-05, Universidad Carlos III, Departamento de Historia Económica e Instituciones.
  5. Guido Alfani & Elena Roberta Frigeni, 2013. "Inequality (un)perceived: The emergence of a discourse on economic inequality from the Middle Ages to the Age of Revolutions," Working Papers 058, "Carlo F. Dondena" Centre for Research on Social Dynamics (DONDENA), Università Commerciale Luigi Bocconi.

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