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CO2 emissions and economic activity: Heterogeneity across countries and non-stationary series

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  • Piaggio, Matías
  • Padilla, Emilio

Abstract

This paper explores the relationship between CO2 emissions and economic activity for 31 countries (28 OECD, Brazil, China, and India) during the period 1950 to 2006 using cointegration analysis. Single country long run relationships are estimated, and equality in the functional form, the parameters, and the turning point, when appropriate, are rejected. This confirms the relevance of considering the differences among countries in the relationship between air pollution and economic activity to avoid wrong estimations and conclusions.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Energy Policy.

Volume (Year): 46 (2012)
Issue (Month): C ()
Pages: 370-381

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Handle: RePEc:eee:enepol:v:46:y:2012:i:c:p:370-381

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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/enpol

Related research

Keywords: Bound test; Carbon dioxide emissions; Environmental Kuznets curve; Economic growth; Heterogeneity;

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References

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  1. Roger Perman & David I. Stern, 1999. "The Environmental Kuznets Curve: Implications of Non-Stationarity," Working Papers in Ecological Economics 9901, Australian National University, Centre for Resource and Environmental Studies, Ecological Economics Program.
  2. de Bruyn, S. M. & van den Bergh, J. C. J. M. & Opschoor, J. B., 1998. "Economic growth and emissions: reconsidering the empirical basis of environmental Kuznets curves," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 25(2), pages 161-175, May.
  3. Roca, Jordi & Padilla, Emilio & Farre, Mariona & Galletto, Vittorio, 2001. "Economic growth and atmospheric pollution in Spain: discussing the environmental Kuznets curve hypothesis," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 39(1), pages 85-99, October.
  4. CARSON, RICHARd T. & JEON, YONGIL & McCUBBIN, DONALD R., 1997. "The relationship between air pollution emissions and income: US Data," Environment and Development Economics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 2(04), pages 433-450, November.
  5. Moomaw, William R. & Unruh, Gregory C., 1997. "Are environmental Kuznets curves misleading us? The case of CO2 emissions," Environment and Development Economics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 2(04), pages 451-463, November.
  6. Halicioglu, Ferda, 2009. "An econometric study of CO2 emissions, energy consumption, income and foreign trade in Turkey," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 37(3), pages 1156-1164, March.
  7. Inmaculada Martínez-Zarzoso & Aurelia Bengochea-Morancho, 2003. "Testing for an environmental Kuznets curve in Latin-American countries," Revista de Analisis Economico – Economic Analysis Review, Ilades-Georgetown University, Universidad Alberto Hurtado/School of Economics and Bussines, vol. 18(1), pages 3-26, June.
  8. Cole, M.A. & Rayner, A.J. & Bates, J.M., 1997. "The environmental Kuznets curve: an empirical analysis," Environment and Development Economics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 2(04), pages 401-416, November.
  9. Friedl, Birgit & Getzner, Michael, 2003. "Determinants of CO2 emissions in a small open economy," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 45(1), pages 133-148, April.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Inmaculada Martinez‐Zarzoso & Antonello Maruotti, 2013. "The environmental Kuznets curve: functional form, time‐varying heterogeneity and outliers in a panel setting," Environmetrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 24(7), pages 461-475, November.
  2. Shahbaz, Muhammad & Sbia, Rashid & Hamdi, Helmi, 2013. "The Environmental cost of Skiing in the Desert? Evidence from Cointegration with unknown Structural breaks in UAE," MPRA Paper 48007, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 03 Jul 2013.
  3. Roach, Travis, 2013. "A dynamic state-level analysis of carbon dioxide emissions in the United States," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 59(C), pages 931-937.
  4. Mariana Conte Grand & Vanesa D´Elia, 2013. "Using the Box-Cox transformation to approximate the shape of the relationship between CO2 emissions and GDP: a note," CEMA Working Papers: Serie Documentos de Trabajo. 513, Universidad del CEMA.

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