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Analysis of potential energy saving and CO2 emission reduction of home appliances and commercial equipments in China

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Author Info

  • Zhou, Nan
  • Fridley, David
  • McNeil, Michael
  • Zheng, Nina
  • Letschert, Virginie
  • Ke, Jing
  • Saheb, Yamina
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    Abstract

    China has implemented a series of minimum energy performance standards (MEPS) for over 30 appliances, voluntary energy efficiency label for 40 products, and a mandatory energy information label that covers 19 products to date. However, the impact of these programs and their savings potential has not been evaluated on a consistent basis. This paper uses modeling to estimate the energy saving and CO2 emission reduction potential of the appliances standard and labeling program for products for which standards are currently in place, under development or those proposed for development in 2010 under three scenarios that differ in the pace and stringency of MEPS development. In addition to a baseline "frozen efficiency" scenario at 2009 MEPS level, the "Continued Improvement Scenario" (CIS) reflects the likely pace of post-2009 MEPS revisions, and the likely improvement at each revision step. The "Best Practice Scenario" (BPS) examined the potential of an achievement of international best-practice efficiency in broad commercial use today in 2014. This paper concludes that under "CIS", cumulative electricity consumption could be reduced by 9503Â TWh, and annual CO2 emissions of energy used for all 37 products would be 16% lower than in the frozen efficiency scenario. Under a "BPS" scenario for a subset of products, cumulative electricity savings would be 5450Â TWh and annual CO2 emissions reduction of energy used for 11 appliances would be 35% lower.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Energy Policy.

    Volume (Year): 39 (2011)
    Issue (Month): 8 (August)
    Pages: 4541-4550

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    Handle: RePEc:eee:enepol:v:39:y:2011:i:8:p:4541-4550

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    Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/enpol

    Related research

    Keywords: China Appliance Energy efficiency;

    References

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    1. Schiellerup, P., 2002. "An examination of the effectiveness of the EU minimum standard on cold appliances: the British case," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 30(4), pages 327-332, March.
    2. Vine, Edward & du Pont, Peter & Waide, Paul, 2001. "Evaluating the impact of appliance efficiency labeling programs and standards: process, impact, and market transformation evaluations," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 26(11), pages 1041-1059.
    3. Zhou, Nan & Levine, Mark D. & Price, Lynn, 2010. "Overview of current energy-efficiency policies in China," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 38(11), pages 6439-6452, November.
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    Cited by:
    1. Ma, Guo & Andrews-Speed, Philip & Zhang, Jiandong, 2013. "Chinese consumer attitudes towards energy saving: The case of household electrical appliances in Chongqing," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 56(C), pages 591-602.
    2. Yin, Xiang & Chen, Wenying, 2013. "Trends and development of steel demand in China: A bottom–up analysis," Resources Policy, Elsevier, vol. 38(4), pages 407-415.
    3. Catherine Wolfram & Orie Shelef & Paul J. Gertler, 2012. "How Will Energy Demand Develop in the Developing World?," NBER Working Papers 17747, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    4. Khanna, Nina Zheng & Zhou, Nan & Fridley, David & Fino-Chen, Cecilia, 2013. "Evaluation of China's local enforcement of energy efficiency standards and labeling programs for appliances and equipment," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 63(C), pages 646-655.
    5. Kusaka, Wakana & Kojima, Michikazu & Watanabe, Mariko, 2012. "Environmental consciousness, economic gain and consumer choice of energy efficient appliances in Thailand, China and India," IDE Discussion Papers 345, Institute of Developing Economies, Japan External Trade Organization(JETRO).
    6. Harmsen, Robert & Graus, Wina, 2013. "How much CO2 emissions do we reduce by saving electricity? A focus on methods," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 60(C), pages 803-812.

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