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Evaluation of geologic storage options of CO2: Applicability, cost, storage capacity and safety

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  • Aydin, Gokhan
  • Karakurt, Izzet
  • Aydiner, Kerim
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    Abstract

    CO2 emissions in the atmosphere are increasing continually, which are mainly originated from burning of fossil fuels. The fossil fuels are expected to remain a major component of the world's energy supply in the near future, because of their inherent advantages. Therefore, various measures have to be considered to reduce anthropogenic CO2 emissions. Increasing the efficiency of energy usage and/or developing lower carbon or non-carbon energies to replace high carbon fuels may bring the result of the reduction of the accumulation of CO2 in the atmosphere. The other alternative to reduce CO2 concentrations in atmosphere include gaseous storage in various deep geological formations, liquid storage in the ocean, and solid storage by reaction of CO2 with metal oxides to produce stable carbonates. In this article, the geological storage options of CO2 are examined. They are discussed in terms of applicability, cost, storage capacity and safety.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Energy Policy.

    Volume (Year): 38 (2010)
    Issue (Month): 9 (September)
    Pages: 5072-5080

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    Handle: RePEc:eee:enepol:v:38:y:2010:i:9:p:5072-5080

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    Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/enpol

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    Keywords: CO2 Capture Geologic storage;

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    Cited by:
    1. Aydin, Gokhan, 2014. "Modeling of energy consumption based on economic and demographic factors: The case of Turkey with projections," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 35(C), pages 382-389.
    2. Bettina Beeskow-Strauch & Judith Maria Schicks, 2012. "The Driving Forces of Guest Substitution in Gas Hydrates—A Laser Raman Study on CH 4-CO 2 Exchange in the Presence of Impurities," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 5(2), pages 420-437, February.
    3. Ghorbani, Afshin & Rahimpour, Hamid Reza & Ghasemi, Younes & Zoughi, Somayeh & Rahimpour, Mohammad Reza, 2014. "A Review of Carbon Capture and Sequestration in Iran: Microalgal Biofixation Potential in Iran," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 35(C), pages 73-100.

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