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A techno-economic comparison of rural electrification based on solar home systems and PV microgrids

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  • Chaurey, A.
  • Kandpal, T.C.
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    Abstract

    Solar home systems are typically used for providing basic electricity services to rural households that are not connected to electric grid. Off-grid PV power plants with their own distribution network (micro/minigrids) are also being considered for rural electrification. A techno-economic comparison of the two options to facilitate a choice between them is presented in this study on the basis of annualised life cycle costs (ALCC) for same type of loads and load patterns for varying number of households and varying length and costs of distribution network. The results highlight that microgrid is generally a more economic option for a village having a flat geographic terrain and more than 500 densely located households using 3-4 low power appliances (e.g. 9Â W CFLs) for an average of 4Â h daily. The study analyses the viability of the two options from the perspectives of the user, an energy service company and the society.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Energy Policy.

    Volume (Year): 38 (2010)
    Issue (Month): 6 (June)
    Pages: 3118-3129

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    Handle: RePEc:eee:enepol:v:38:y:2010:i:6:p:3118-3129

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    Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/enpol

    Related research

    Keywords: Solar home systems PV microgrids Energy service company;

    References

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    1. Kirubi, Charles & Jacobson, Arne & Kammen, Daniel M. & Mills, Andrew, 2009. "Community-Based Electric Micro-Grids Can Contribute to Rural Development: Evidence from Kenya," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 37(7), pages 1208-1221, July.
    2. Dakkak, M & Hirata, A & Muhida, R & Kawasaki, Z, 2003. "Operation strategy of residential centralized photovoltaic system in remote areas," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 28(7), pages 997-1012.
    3. Chaurey, Akanksha & Ranganathan, Malini & Mohanty, Parimita, 2004. "Electricity access for geographically disadvantaged rural communities--technology and policy insights," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 32(15), pages 1693-1705, October.
    4. Bakos, G.C., 2009. "Distributed power generation: A case study of small scale PV power plant in Greece," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 86(9), pages 1757-1766, September.
    5. Manolakos, D & Papadakis, G & Papantonis, D & Kyritsis, S, 2004. "A stand-alone photovoltaic power system for remote villages using pumped water energy storage," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 29(1), pages 57-69.
    6. Alzola, J.A. & Vechiu, I. & Camblong, H. & Santos, M. & Sall, M. & Sow, G., 2009. "Microgrids project, Part 2: Design of an electrification kit with high content of renewable energy sources in Senegal," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 34(10), pages 2151-2159.
    7. Chaurey, A. & Kandpal, T.C., 2009. "Carbon abatement potential of solar home systems in India and their cost reduction due to carbon finance," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 37(1), pages 115-125, January.
    8. Kivaisi, R.T, 2000. "Installation and use of a 3 kWp PV plant at Umbuji village in Zanzibar," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 19(3), pages 457-472.
    9. Martinot, E. & Cabraal, A. & Mathur, S., 2001. "World Bank/GEF solar home system projects: experiences and lessons learned 1993-2000," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 5(1), pages 39-57, March.
    10. Kumar, Atul & Mohanty, Parimita & Palit, Debajit & Chaurey, Akanksha, 2009. "Approach for standardization of off-grid electrification projects," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 13(8), pages 1946-1956, October.
    11. Moharil, Ravindra M. & Kulkarni, Prakash S., 2009. "A case study of solar photovoltaic power system at Sagardeep Island, India," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 13(3), pages 673-681, April.
    12. Nouni, M.R. & Mullick, S.C. & Kandpal, T.C., 2006. "Photovoltaic projects for decentralized power supply in India: A financial evaluation," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 34(18), pages 3727-3738, December.
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    Cited by:
    1. Gottesfeld, Perry & Cherry, Christopher R., 2011. "Lead emissions from solar photovoltaic energy systems in China and India," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 39(9), pages 4939-4946, September.
    2. Harish, Santosh M. & Morgan, Granger M. & Subrahmanian, Eswaran, 2014. "When does unreliable grid supply become unacceptable policy? Costs of power supply and outages in rural India," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 68(C), pages 158-169.
    3. O. Adeoti & S. Osho, 2012. "Opportunities to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from households in Nigeria," Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, Springer, vol. 17(2), pages 133-152, February.

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