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Understanding the CDM's contribution to technology transfer

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  • Schneider, Malte
  • Holzer, Andreas
  • Hoffmann, Volker H.
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    Abstract

    Developing countries are increasingly contributing to global greenhouse gas emissions and, consequently, climate change as a result of their rapid economic growth. In order to reduce their impact, the private sector needs to be engaged in the transfer of low-carbon technology to those countries. The Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) is currently the only market mechanism aimed at triggering changes in the pattern of emissions-intensive activities in developing countries and is likely to play a role in future negotiations. In this paper, we analyse how the CDM contributes to technology transfer. We first develop a framework from the literature that delineates the main factors which characterise technology transfer. Second, we apply this framework to the CDM by assessing existing empirical studies and drawing on additional expert interviews. We find that the CDM does contribute to technology transfer by lowering several technology-transfer barriers and by raising the transfer quality. On the basis of this analysis, we give preliminary policy recommendations.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Energy Policy.

    Volume (Year): 36 (2008)
    Issue (Month): 8 (August)
    Pages: 2920-2928

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    Handle: RePEc:eee:enepol:v:36:y:2008:i:8:p:2920-2928

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    Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/enpol

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    Cited by:
    1. Dechezleprêtre, Antoine & Glachant, Matthieu & Ménière, Yann, 2009. "Technology transfer by CDM projects: A comparison of Brazil, China, India and Mexico," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 37(2), pages 703-711, February.
    2. Tian Tang & David Popp, 2014. "The Learning Process and Technological Change in Wind Power: Evidence from China’s CDM Wind Projects," NBER Working Papers 19921, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    3. Pauline Lacour & Jean-Christophe Simon, 2012. "Les avancées du Mécanisme de Développement Propre : une étape décisive vers un développement "décarboné" au Sud ?," Post-Print halshs-00713067, HAL.
    4. Schneider, Malte & Hendrichs, Holger & Hoffmann, Volker H., 2010. "Navigating the global carbon market: An analysis of the CDM's value chain and prevalent business models," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 38(1), pages 277-287, January.
    5. Karakosta, Charikleia & Doukas, Haris & John, Psarras, 2010. "EU-MENA energy technology transfer under the CDM: Israel as a frontrunner?," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 38(5), pages 2455-2462, May.
    6. Matthias Weitzel & Wan-Hsin Liu & Andrea Vaona, 2013. "Determinants of Technology Transfer through CDM: the Case of China," Kiel Working Papers 1889, Kiel Institute for the World Economy.
    7. Thurner, Thomas W. & Varughese, Arun, 2013. "Experiences of project developers around CDM projects in South Africa," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 61(C), pages 1271-1275.
    8. Patrick Bayer & Johannes Urpelainen, 2013. "External sources of clean technology: Evidence from the Clean Development Mechanism," The Review of International Organizations, Springer, vol. 8(1), pages 81-109, March.
    9. Doranova, Asel & Costa, Ionara & Duysters, Geert, 2010. "Knowledge base determinants of technology sourcing in clean development mechanism projects," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 38(10), pages 5550-5559, October.
    10. BRECHET, Thierry & meniere, Yann & PICARD, Pierre M., 2012. "The clean development mechanism in a global carbon market," CORE Discussion Papers 2012040, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
    11. Jang Schiltz & Marc Boissaux, 2011. "Practical weight-constrained conditioned portfolio optimization using risk aversion indicator signals," CREA Discussion Paper Series 11-12, Center for Research in Economic Analysis, University of Luxembourg.
    12. David Popp, 2012. "The Role of Technological Change in Green Growth," NBER Working Papers 18506, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    13. Talaei, Alireza & Ahadi, Mohammad Sadegh & Maghsoudy, Soroush, 2014. "Climate friendly technology transfer in the energy sector: A case study of Iran," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 64(C), pages 349-363.
    14. Karakosta, Charikleia & Psarras, John, 2013. "Understanding CDM potential in the Mediterranean basin: A country assessment of Egypt and Morocco," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 60(C), pages 827-839.
    15. Tian Tang & David Popp, 2014. "The Learning Process and Technological Change in Wind Power: Evidence from China's CDM Wind Projects," CESifo Working Paper Series 4705, CESifo Group Munich.
    16. Seres, Stephen & Haites, Erik & Murphy, Kevin, 2009. "Analysis of technology transfer in CDM projects: An update," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 37(11), pages 4919-4926, November.
    17. Doranova, Asel & Costa, Ionara & Duysters, Geert, 2009. "Knowledge Base Determinants of Technology Sourcing in the Clean Development Mechanism Projects," MERIT Working Papers 015, United Nations University - Maastricht Economic and Social Research Institute on Innovation and Technology (MERIT).

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