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How do OPEC news and structural breaks impact returns and volatility in crude oil markets? Further evidence from a long memory process

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  • Mensi, Walid
  • Hammoudeh, Shawkat
  • Yoon, Seong-Min

Abstract

Since its formation, OPEC through its conference decisions has been a major player in the world oil markets. The purpose of this paper is to examine the impacts of OPEC's different news announcements on the conditional expectations and volatility of crude oil markets in the presence of long memory and structural changes. To do so, we first discern OPEC's oil production behavior in response to its “cut”, “maintain”, and “increase” decisions. Then by applying the ARMA–GARCH class models to the two global benchmarks WTI and Brent over the period May 1987 through December 2012, we find strong evidence of long memory. The empirical evidence also shows that OPEC's announcements especially the “cut” and the “maintain” decisions have a significant effect on both returns and volatility of the crude oil markets, particularly that of the WTI. Moreover, we explore the possibility of structural breaks in the crude oil prices and detect five (six) breakpoints for the WTI (Brent) oil markets. The presence of structural breaks reduces the persistence of volatility. Accounting for OPEC's scheduled news announcements in the presence of structural changes reduces the degree of volatility persistence and enhances the understanding of this volatility in the oil markets. These results have several implications for policy makers, oil traders and other participants in the crude oil markets.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Energy Economics.

Volume (Year): 42 (2014)
Issue (Month): C ()
Pages: 343-354

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Handle: RePEc:eee:eneeco:v:42:y:2014:i:c:p:343-354

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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/eneco

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Keywords: Crude oil prices; OPEC announcements; Volatility; Structural breaks; Long memory;

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