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Cointegration and causal relationships between energy consumption and output: Assessing the evidence from Australia

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  • Shahiduzzaman, Md
  • Alam, Khorshed
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    Abstract

    In this paper, we describe our investigation of the cointegration and causal relationships between energy consumption and economic output in Australia over a period of five decades. The framework used in this paper is the single-sector aggregate production function, which is the first comprehensive approach used in an Australian study of this type to include energy, capital and labour as separate inputs of production. The empirical evidence points to a cointegration relationship between energy and output and implies that energy is an important variable in the cointegration space, as are conventional inputs capital and labour. We also find some evidence of bidirectional causality between GDP and energy use. Although the evidence of causality from energy use to GDP was relatively weak when using the thermal aggregate of energy use, once energy consumption was adjusted for energy quality, we found strong evidence of Granger causality from energy use to GDP in Australia over the investigated period. The results are robust, irrespective of the assumptions of linear trends in the cointegration models, and are applicable for different econometric approaches.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Energy Economics.

    Volume (Year): 34 (2012)
    Issue (Month): 6 ()
    Pages: 2182-2188

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    Handle: RePEc:eee:eneeco:v:34:y:2012:i:6:p:2182-2188

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    Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/eneco

    Related research

    Keywords: Energy consumption; Economic growth; Time series analysis; Cointegration; Causality;

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    Cited by:
    1. Mohammed Issa Shahateet, 2014. "Modeling Economic Growth and Energy Consumption in Arab Countries: Cointegration and Causality Analysis," International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, Econjournals, vol. 4(3), pages 349-359.
    2. Bamidele P. Abalaba & Matthew Abiodun Dada, 2013. "Energy Consumption and Economic Growth Nexus: New Empirical Evidence from Nigeria," International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, Econjournals, vol. 3(4), pages 412 - 423.
    3. Islam, Faridul & Shahbaz, Muhammad & Rahman, Mohammad Mafizur, 2013. "Trade Openness, Financial Development Energy Use and Economic Growth in Australia:Evidence on Long Run Relation with Structural Breaks," MPRA Paper 52546, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 28 Dec 2013.
    4. Phiri, Andrew & Nyoni, Botha, 2014. "The electricity-growth nexus in South Africa: Evidence from asymmetric co-integration and co-feature analysis," MPRA Paper 56145, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    5. Mensah, Justice Tei, 2014. "Carbon emissions, energy consumption and output: A threshold analysis on the causal dynamics in emerging African economies," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 70(C), pages 172-182.
    6. Md. Shahiduzzaman & Khorshed Alam, 2014. "A reassessment of energy and GDP relationship: the case of Australia," Environment, Development and Sustainability, Springer, vol. 16(2), pages 323-344, April.

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