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Monetary and fiscal policy interactions in the post-war U.S

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  • Traum, Nora
  • Yang, Shu-Chun S.

Abstract

A New Keynesian model allowing for an active monetary and passive fiscal policy (AMPF) regime and a passive monetary and active fiscal policy (PMAF) regime is estimated to fit various U.S. samples from 1955 to 2007. The results show that data in the pre-Volcker periods strongly prefer an AMPF regime, even with a prior centered in the PMAF region. The estimation, however, is not very informative about whether the Federal Reserve's reaction to inflation is greater than one in the pre-Volcker period, because much lower values can still preserve determinacy under passive fiscal policy. In addition, whether a PMAF regime can generate consumption growth following a government spending increase depends on the degree of price stickiness. An income tax cut can yield an unusual negative labor response if monetary policy aggressively stabilizes output growth.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal European Economic Review.

Volume (Year): 55 (2011)
Issue (Month): 1 (January)
Pages: 140-164

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Handle: RePEc:eee:eecrev:v:55:y:2011:i:1:p:140-164

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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/eer

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Keywords: Fiscal and monetary policy interactions New Keynesian models Bayesian estimation;

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Daly, Hounaida & Smida, Mounir, 2013. "Interaction entre politique monétaire et politique budgétaire:Cas de la Grèce
    [Fiscal and Monetary Policy Interactions : The Greece Case]
    ," MPRA Paper 45931, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  2. Stefano Eusepi & Bruce Preston, 2013. "Fiscal foundations of inflation: imperfect knowledge," Staff Reports 649, Federal Reserve Bank of New York.
  3. Saroj Bhattarai & Jae Won Lee & Woong Yong Park, 2012. "Policy regimes, policy shifts, and U.S. business cycles," Globalization and Monetary Policy Institute Working Paper 109, Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas.
  4. Daly, Hounaida & Smida, Mounir, 2013. "La coordination des politiques monétaire et budgétaire: Aperçu théorique
    [Coordination of monetary and fiscal policies: Theoretical Overview]
    ," MPRA Paper 48066, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  5. Justiniano, Alejandro & Primiceri, Giorgio E. & Tambalotti, Andrea, 2013. "The Effects of the Saving and Banking Glut on the U.S. Economy," Working Paper Series WP-2013-17, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, revised 29 Nov 2013.
  6. Flotho, Stefanie, 2012. "Monetary and Fiscal Policy in a Monetary Union under the Zero Lower Bound constraint," Annual Conference 2012 (Goettingen): New Approaches and Challenges for the Labor Market of the 21st Century 62028, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
  7. Valerio Ercolani & João Valle e Azevedo, 2013. "The Output Effects of (Non-Separable) Government Consumption at the Zero Lower Bound," Working Papers w201310, Banco de Portugal, Economics and Research Department.

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