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Fully modified IV, GIVE and GMM estimation with possibly non-stationary regressors and instruments

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  • Kitamura, Yuichi
  • Phillips, Peter C. B.

Abstract

This paper develops a general theory of instrumental variables (IV) estimation that allows for both I(1) and I(0) regressors and instruments. The estimation techniques involve an extension of the fully modified (FM) regression procedure that was introduced in earlier work by Phillips-Hansen (1990). FM versions of the generalized instrumental variable estimation (GIVE) method and the generalized method of moments (GMM) estimator are developed. In models with both stationary and nonstationary components, the FM-GIVE and FM-GMM techniques provide efficiency gains over FM-IV in the estimation of the stationary components of a model that has both stationary and nonstationary regressors. The paper exploits a result of Phillips (1991a) that we can apply FM techniques in models with cointegrated regressors and even in stationary regression models without losing the method's good asymptotic properties. The present paper shows how to take advantage jointly of the good asymptotic properties of FM estimators with respect to the nonstationary elements of a model and the good asymptotic properties of the GIVE and GMM estimators with respect to the stationary components. The theory applies even when there is no prior knowledge of the number of unit roots in the system or the dimension or the location of the cointegration space. An FM extension of the Sargan (1958) test for the validity of the instruments is proposed.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Journal of Econometrics.

Volume (Year): 80 (1997)
Issue (Month): 1 (September)
Pages: 85-123

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Handle: RePEc:eee:econom:v:80:y:1997:i:1:p:85-123

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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/jeconom

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References

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  1. Phillips, P C B, 1987. "Time Series Regression with a Unit Root," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 55(2), pages 277-301, March.
  2. Phillips, Peter C B & Hansen, Bruce E, 1990. "Statistical Inference in Instrumental Variables Regression with I(1) Processes," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 57(1), pages 99-125, January.
  3. Phillips, P C B, 1991. "Optimal Inference in Cointegrated Systems," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 59(2), pages 283-306, March.
  4. Peter C.B. Phillips & Bruce E. Hansen, 1988. "Estimation and Inference in Models of Cointegration: A Simulation Study," Cowles Foundation Discussion Papers 881, Cowles Foundation for Research in Economics, Yale University.
  5. James H. Stock & Mark W. Watson, 1991. "A simple estimator of cointegrating vectors in higher order integrated systems," Working Paper Series, Macroeconomic Issues 91-3, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago.
  6. Saikkonen, Pentti, 1991. "Asymptotically Efficient Estimation of Cointegration Regressions," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 7(01), pages 1-21, March.
  7. Phillips, P.C.B., 1986. "Understanding spurious regressions in econometrics," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 33(3), pages 311-340, December.
  8. Johansen, Soren, 1988. "Statistical analysis of cointegration vectors," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 12(2-3), pages 231-254.
  9. Phillips, Peter C B & Loretan, Mico, 1991. "Estimating Long-run Economic Equilibria," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 58(3), pages 407-36, May.
  10. Dean Corbea & Sam Ouliaris & Peter C.B. Phillips, 1991. "A Reexamination of the Consumption Function Using Frequency Domain Regressors," Cowles Foundation Discussion Papers 997, Cowles Foundation for Research in Economics, Yale University.
  11. Andrews, Donald W K, 1991. "Heteroskedasticity and Autocorrelation Consistent Covariance Matrix Estimation," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 59(3), pages 817-58, May.
  12. Hansen, Lars Peter & Singleton, Kenneth J, 1982. "Generalized Instrumental Variables Estimation of Nonlinear Rational Expectations Models," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 50(5), pages 1269-86, September.
  13. Hansen, Lars Peter, 1982. "Large Sample Properties of Generalized Method of Moments Estimators," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 50(4), pages 1029-54, July.
  14. Peter C.B. Phillips & Bruce E. Hansen, 1988. "Statistical Inference in Instrumental Variables," Cowles Foundation Discussion Papers 869R, Cowles Foundation for Research in Economics, Yale University, revised Apr 1989.
  15. Peter C.B. Phillips, 1988. "Spectral Regression for Cointegrated Time Series," Cowles Foundation Discussion Papers 872, Cowles Foundation for Research in Economics, Yale University.
  16. Corbae, D. & Ouliaris, S. & Phillips, P.C.B., 1991. "A Rexamination of the Consumption Function Using Frequency Domain Regressions," Working Papers 91-25, University of Iowa, Department of Economics.
  17. Park, Joon Y, 1992. "Canonical Cointegrating Regressions," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 60(1), pages 119-43, January.
  18. Bowden,Roger J. & Turkington,Darrell A., 1990. "Instrumental Variables," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521385824, October.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Jae-Young Kim, 2000. "The Generalized Method of Moments in the Bayesian Framework and a Model of Moment Selection Criterion," Econometric Society World Congress 2000 Contributed Papers 1779, Econometric Society.
  2. Shin, Dong Wan & Joon Kim, Han & Jhee, Won-Chul, 2007. "Asymptotic efficiency of the ordinary least-squares estimator for sur models with integrated regressors," Statistics & Probability Letters, Elsevier, vol. 77(1), pages 75-82, January.
  3. Park, Suk K. & Ahn, Sung K. & Cho, Sinsup, 2011. "Generalized method of moments estimation for cointegrated vector autoregressive models," Computational Statistics & Data Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 55(9), pages 2605-2618, September.
  4. CHEN, Chuanglian & CHEN, Guojin & YAO, Shujie, 2012. "Do imports crowd out domestic consumption? A comparative study of China, Japan and Korea," China Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 23(4), pages 1036-1050.
  5. Chan, Hing Lin & Lee, Shu Kam & Woo, Kai-Yin, 2003. "An empirical investigation of price and exchange rate bubbles during the interwar European hyperinflations," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 12(3), pages 327-344.
  6. David De La Croix & Jean-Pierre Urbain, 1998. "Intertemporal substitution in import demand and habit formation," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 13(6), pages 589-612.
  7. Bauer, Dietmar & Maynard, Alex, 2012. "Persistence-robust surplus-lag Granger causality testing," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 169(2), pages 293-300.
  8. Xu Cheng, 2014. "Uniform Inference in Nonlinear Models with Mixed Identification Strength," PIER Working Paper Archive 14-018, Penn Institute for Economic Research, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania.
  9. M. Gerolimetto & Peter M Robinson, 2006. "Instrumental Variables Estimation of Stationaryand Nonstationary Cointegrating Regressions," STICERD - Econometrics Paper Series /2006/500, Suntory and Toyota International Centres for Economics and Related Disciplines, LSE.
  10. William Barnett & Philippe de Peretti, 2009. "Admissible Clustering of Aggregator Components: A Necessary and Sufficient Stochastic Semi-Nonparametric Test for Weak Separability," WORKING PAPERS SERIES IN THEORETICAL AND APPLIED ECONOMICS 200904, University of Kansas, Department of Economics, revised Jan 2009.
  11. Bollerslev, Tim & Zhou, Hao, 2002. "Estimating stochastic volatility diffusion using conditional moments of integrated volatility," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 109(1), pages 33-65, July.
  12. Antoine, Bertille & Renault, Eric, 2012. "Efficient minimum distance estimation with multiple rates of convergence," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 170(2), pages 350-367.
  13. Shin, Dong Wan & Oh, Man-Suk, 2004. "Fully modified semiparametric GLS estimation for regressions with nonstationary seasonal regressors," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 122(2), pages 247-280, October.
  14. Kurozumi, Eiji & Hayakawa, Kazuhiko, 2009. "Asymptotic properties of the efficient estimators for cointegrating regression models with serially dependent errors," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 149(2), pages 118-135, April.
  15. Dietmar Bauer & Alex Maynard, 2010. "Persistence-robust Granger causality testing," Working Papers 1011, University of Guelph, Department of Economics and Finance.
  16. Dutkowsky, Donald H. & McCoskey, Suzanne K., 2001. "Near integration, bank reluctance, and discount window borrowing," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 25(6), pages 1013-1036, June.
  17. Mustapha Baghli, 2004. "Modelling the FF/MM rate by threshold cointegration analysis," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 36(6), pages 533-548.

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