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Agricultural intensification, irrigation and the environment in South Asia: Issues and policy options

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  • Alauddin, Mohammad
  • Quiggin, John

Abstract

High population pressure and the rapid pace of human activity including urbanization, industrialization and other economic activities have led to a dwindling supply of arable land per capita and a process of agricultural intensification in South Asia. While this process has significantly increased food production to feed the growing population, it has also entailed considerable damage to the physical environment, including degradation and depletion of natural resources and unsustainable use of land and water resources. This paper employs the analytical tools of economic theory, environmental and ecological economics to model the impact of irrigation in South Asia. It underscores the need for an eclectic approach to policy responses stemming from private and common property rights theories, externality theory and sustainability theory with a view to environmentalizing agricultural development.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Ecological Economics.

Volume (Year): 65 (2008)
Issue (Month): 1 (March)
Pages: 111-124

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Handle: RePEc:eee:ecolec:v:65:y:2008:i:1:p:111-124

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Cited by:
  1. Chattopadhyay, Pallavi Banerjee & Rangarajan, R., 2014. "Application of ANN in sketching spatial nonlinearity of unconfined aquifer in agricultural basin," Agricultural Water Management, Elsevier, vol. 133(C), pages 81-91.
  2. Mohammad Alauddin & Upali A. Amarasinghe & Bharat R. Sharma, 2014. "Four decades of rice water productivity in Bangladesh: A spatio-temporal analysis of district level panel data," Discussion Papers Series 518, School of Economics, University of Queensland, Australia.
  3. Blanco-Gutiérrez, Irene & Varela-Ortega, Consuelo & Flichman, Guillermo, 2011. "Cost-effectiveness of groundwater conservation measures: A multi-level analysis with policy implications," Agricultural Water Management, Elsevier, vol. 98(4), pages 639-652, February.
  4. Alauddin, Mohammad & Sharma, Bharat R., 2013. "Inter-district rice water productivity differences in Bangladesh: An empirical exploration and implications," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 93(C), pages 210-218.
  5. Rattan Lal, 2014. "Climate Strategic Soil Management," Challenges, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 5(1), pages 43-74, February.
  6. Pullabhotla, Hemant & Ganesh-Kumar, A., 2012. "Review of input and output policies for cereal production in Bangladesh:," IFPRI discussion papers 1199, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
  7. Balasubramanian, R. & Choi, Seung-churl, 2010. "Urbanization, Population Pressure And Agricultural Intensification: Evidences From Tamil Nadu In India," Journal of Rural Development/Nongchon-Gyeongje, Korea Rural Economic Institute, vol. 33(2), July.
  8. Polimeni, John M. & Iorgulescu, Raluca I. & Chandrasekara, Ray, 2014. "Trans-border public health vulnerability and hydroelectric projects: The case of Yali Falls Dam," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 98(C), pages 81-89.

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