Earnings benefits of Tulsa's pre-K program for different income groups
AbstractThis paper estimates future adult earnings effects associated with a universal pre-K program in Tulsa, Oklahoma. These projections help to compensate for the lack of long-term data on universal pre-K programs, while using metrics that relate test scores to social benefits. Combining test-score data from the fall of 2006 and recent findings by Chetty et al. (2011) on the relationship between kindergarten test scores and adult earnings, we generate projections of adult earnings effects and a partial cost–benefit analysis of the Tulsa pre-K program. For both half-day and full-day programs, benefits are similar across program participants of different income, with benefit-to-cost ratios of 3- or 4-to-1. Because we only consider adult earnings benefits, actual benefit–cost ratios are likely higher, especially for disadvantaged children.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Elsevier in its journal Economics of Education Review.
Volume (Year): 31 (2012)
Issue (Month): 6 ()
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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/econedurev
Economic impact; Efficiency; Rate of return;
Other versions of this item:
- Timothy J. Bartik & William Gormley & Shirley Adelstein, 2011. "Earnings Benefits of Tulsa's Pre-K Program for Different Income Groups," Upjohn Working Papers and Journal Articles 11-176, W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research.
- Timothy J. Barik & William Gormley & Shirley Adelstein, . "Earnings benefits of Tulsa's pre-K program for different income groups," Upjohn Working Papers and Journal Articles tjb2012eer, W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research.
- I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education
- I24 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Education and Inequality
- J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
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- Timothy J. Bartik, 2013. "Effects of the Pre-K Program of Kalamazoo County Ready 4s on Kindergarten Entry Test Scores: Estimates Based on Data from the Fall of 2011 and the Fall of 2012," Upjohn Working Papers and Journal Articles 13-198, W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research.
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