The crisis, Fed, Quants and stochastic optimal control
AbstractThe Dodd-Frank (D-F) Financial Reform Bill authorizes the Federal Reserve to monitor the financial services marketplace to identify potential threats to the stability of the US financial system. Alan Greenspan's retrospective indicates what he has learned from the crisis. He argues that the crisis, the housing price bubble, was unpredictable and unavoidable. Greenspan now focuses on desirable capital requirements, or leverage, for banks and financial intermediaries. I explain why the Fed's and Greenspan's views stem from a lack of the appropriate tools of analysis of what is an excessive debt or leverage. The Quants who devised the highly leveraged financial derivatives ignored systemic risk. My theme is that the application of stochastic optimal control (SOC) is an effective approach to implement what the D-F bill is authorizing. I explain: first, what is the optimal capital requirement/leverage that balances expected return against risk. Second, what is a theoretically derived early warning signal of a crisis. Third, I derive an excess debt ratio, equal to the difference between the actual and optimal ratios. The probability of a debt crisis is directly related to the excess debt ratio. The excess debt ratio starting from 2004-05 indicated that a crisis was most likely. The Fed should use this SOC analysis in implementing the Dodd-Frank bill.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Elsevier in its journal Economic Modelling.
Volume (Year): 28 (2011)
Issue (Month): 1-2 (January)
Contact details of provider:
Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/inca/30411
Dodd-Frank reform bill Greenspan Capital requirements Stochastic optimal control Warning signals of crisis Optimal leverage and debt ratios Bubbles Dodd-Frank bill;
Other versions of this item:
- Stein, Jerome L., 2011. "The crisis, Fed, Quants and stochastic optimal control," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 28(1), pages 272-280.
- C61 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Optimization Techniques; Programming Models; Dynamic Analysis
- G11 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Portfolio Choice; Investment Decisions
- G12 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Asset Pricing; Trading Volume; Bond Interest Rates
- G14 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Information and Market Efficiency; Event Studies; Insider Trading
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Stein, Jerome L., 2009.
"A tale of two debt crises: a stochastic optimal control analysis,"
Economics Discussion Papers
2009-44, Kiel Institute for the World Economy.
- Stein, Jerome L., 2010. "A tale of two debt crises: a stochastic optimal control analysis," Economics - The Open-Access, Open-Assessment E-Journal, Kiel Institute for the World Economy, vol. 4(3), pages 1-24.
- Jerome L. Stein, 2008. "A Tale of Two Debt Crises: A Stochastic Optimal Control Analysis," CESifo Working Paper Series 2220, CESifo Group Munich.
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"Stochastic optimal control, international finance and debt,"
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Elsevier, vol. 28(5), pages 979-996, May.
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- Wendell H. Fleming, 2005. "Optimal Investment Models With Minimum Consumption Criteria," Australian Economic Papers, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 44(4), pages 307-321, December.
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"The Diversity of Debt Crises in Europe,"
Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 12(4), pages 44-51, December.
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