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Business cycles with free entry ruled by animal spirits

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  • Dos Santos Ferreira, Rodolphe
  • Lloyd-Braga, Teresa

Abstract

We approach business cycles on the basis of extrinsic uncertainty, related to static indeterminacy of free entry oligopolistic equilibria. Firms, producing under increasing returns to scale, compete in prices in contestable markets. The number of active firms varies across sectoral equilibria, which depend upon (correct) producers' conjectures on competitors' actions. Coordination of these conjectures by some Markov chain generates endogenous shocks in markups and productivity. Consumers' expectations may in addition magnify this extrinsic uncertainty. As the source of fluctuations does not rely on dynamic indeterminacy, the required degree of increasing returns may be arbitrarily small, provided goods substitutability within each sector becomes arbitrarily large.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control.

Volume (Year): 32 (2008)
Issue (Month): 11 (November)
Pages: 3502-3519

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Handle: RePEc:eee:dyncon:v:32:y:2008:i:11:p:3502-3519

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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/jedc

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Keywords: Business cycles Sunspots Free entry equilibrium Indeterminacy;

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  1. Rodolphe Dos Santos Ferreira & Frédéric Dufourt, 2007. "Free entry equilibria with positive profits: A unified approach to quantity and price competition games," International Journal of Economic Theory, The International Society for Economic Theory, vol. 3(2), pages 75-94.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Lloyd-Braga, Teresa & Modesto, Leonor & Seegmuller, Thomas, 2011. "Market Distortions and Local Indeterminacy: A General Approach," IZA Discussion Papers 5603, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  2. Pavlov, Oscar & Weder, Mark, 2012. "Variety matters," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 36(4), pages 629-641.
  3. Maria José Gil-Moltó & Dimitrios Varvarigos, 2012. "Industry Dynamics and Indeterminacy in an OLG Economy with Endogenous Occupational Choice," Discussion Papers in Economics 12/09, Department of Economics, University of Leicester, revised Sep 2012.

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