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Political reservations and women's entrepreneurship in India

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Author Info

  • Ghani, Ejaz
  • Kerr, William R.
  • O'Connell, Stephen D.

Abstract

We quantify the link between the timing of state-level implementations of political reservations for women in India with the role of women in India's manufacturing sector. While overall employment of women in manufacturing does not increase after the reforms, we find significant evidence that more women-owned establishments were created in the unorganized/informal sector. These new establishments were concentrated in industries where women entrepreneurs have been traditionally active and the entry was mainly found among household-based establishments. We measure and discuss the extent to which this heightened entrepreneurship is due to channels like greater finance access or heightened inspiration for women entrepreneurs.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Journal of Development Economics.

Volume (Year): 108 (2014)
Issue (Month): C ()
Pages: 138-153

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Handle: RePEc:eee:deveco:v:108:y:2014:i:c:p:138-153

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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/devec

Related research

Keywords: Women; Female; Gender; Entrepreneurship; Political reservations; Development; Informal sector; India; South Asia;

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References

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Cited by:
  1. Ghani, Ejaz & Mani, Anandi & O'Connell, Stephen D., 2013. "Can political empowerment help economic empowerment ? women leaders and female labor force participation in India," Policy Research Working Paper Series 6675, The World Bank.

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