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Microenterprise growth and the flypaper effect: Evidence from a randomized experiment in Ghana

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  • Fafchamps, Marcel
  • McKenzie, David
  • Quinn, Simon
  • Woodruff, Christopher

Abstract

Standard models of investment predict that credit-constrained firms should grow rapidly when given additional capital, and that how this capital is provided should not affect decisions to invest in the business or consume the capital. We randomly gave cash and in-kind grants to male- and female-owned microenterprises in urban Ghana. For women running subsistence enterprises we find no gain in profits from either treatment. For women with larger businesses we strongly reject equality of the cash and in-kind grants; only in-kind grants cause growth in profits, suggesting a flypaper effect whereby capital coming directly into the business sticks there, but cash does not. The results for men also suggest a lower impact of cash, but differences between cash and in-kind grants are less robust. There is suggestive evidence that the difference in the effects of cash and in-kind grants is associated more with lack of self-control than with external pressure.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Journal of Development Economics.

Volume (Year): 106 (2014)
Issue (Month): C ()
Pages: 211-226

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Handle: RePEc:eee:deveco:v:106:y:2014:i:c:p:211-226

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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/devec

Related research

Keywords: Microenterprises; Ghana; Conditionality; Asset integration;

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References

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. de Mel, Suresh & McKenzie, David & Woodruff, Christopher, 2012. "Business Training and Female Enterprise Start-up, Growth, and Dynamics: Experimental evidence from Sri Lanka," CAGE Online Working Paper Series 98, Competitive Advantage in the Global Economy (CAGE).
  2. Christophe Nordman & Julia Vaillant, 2013. "Inputs, Gender Roles or Sharing Norms? Assessing the Gender Performance Gap Among Informal Entrepreneurs in Madagascar," Working Papers DT/2013/15, DIAL (Développement, Institutions et Mondialisation).
  3. Gine, Xavier & Mansuri, Ghazala, 2014. "Money or ideas ? a field experiment on constraints to entrepreneurship in rural Pakistan," Policy Research Working Paper Series 6959, The World Bank.
  4. Pushkar Maitra & Subha Mani, 2013. "Learning and Earning: Evidence from a Randomized Evaluation in India," Fordham Economics Discussion Paper Series dp2013-02, Fordham University, Department of Economics.
  5. Santosh Anagol & Alvin Etang & Dean Karlan, 2013. "Continued Existence of Cows Disproves Central Tenets of Capitalism?," NBER Working Papers 19437, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  6. Gharad Bryan & Shyamal Chowdhury & Ahmed Mushfiq Mobarak, 2013. "Escaping Famine through Seasonal Migration," Working Papers 1032, Economic Growth Center, Yale University.
  7. Shonchoy, Abu S. & Kurosaki, Takashi, 2014. "Impact of seasonality-adjusted flexible microcredit on repayment and food consumption : experimental evidence from rural Bangladesh," IDE Discussion Papers 460, Institute of Developing Economies, Japan External Trade Organization(JETRO).
  8. Dean Karlan & Adam Osman & Jonathan Zinman, 2013. "Follow the Money: Methods for Identifying Consumption and Investment Responses to a Liquidity Shock," Working Papers 1034, Economic Growth Center, Yale University.
  9. Fitz, Dylan, 2013. "Development Chutes and Ladders: A Joint Impact Evaluation of Asset and Cash Transfers in Brazil," 2013 Annual Meeting, August 4-6, 2013, Washington, D.C. 150254, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.

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