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Who times the foreign exchange market? Corporate speculation and CEO characteristics

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  • Beber, Alessandro
  • Fabbri, Daniela

Abstract

This paper shows that managers' personal beliefs and individual characteristics explain a large share of the substantial time-variation of derivative use beyond firm, industry, and market fundamentals. We construct a panel data set of foreign currency derivative holdings and currency exposures for U.S. non-financial firms. We use a novel approach to build a firm-specific foreign exchange return. We find that managers adjust derivatives notional amounts in response to past foreign exchange returns, as if they were forming views on future currency prices. We then construct an empirical measure of speculative behavior for each firm to investigate the profile of the speculator. Firms where the CEO holds an MBA degree, is younger, and has less previous working experience speculate more. These results are consistent with overconfident managers taking more risk.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Journal of Corporate Finance.

Volume (Year): 18 (2012)
Issue (Month): 5 ()
Pages: 1065-1087

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Handle: RePEc:eee:corfin:v:18:y:2012:i:5:p:1065-1087

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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/jcorpfin

Related research

Keywords: Behavioral corporate finance; CEO characteristics; Speculation; Risk management;

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References

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Cited by:
  1. Richard Fabling & Arthur Grimes, 2014. "Over the Hedge: Do Exporters Practice Selective Hedging?," Working Papers 14_01, Motu Economic and Public Policy Research.
  2. Tim R. Adam & Chitru S. Fernando & Jesus M. Salas, 2012. "Why Do Firms Engage in Selective Hedging?," SFB 649 Discussion Papers SFB649DP2012-019, Sonderforschungsbereich 649, Humboldt University, Berlin, Germany.
  3. Tim R. Adam & Chitru S. Fernando & Evgenia Golubeva, 2012. "Managerial Overconfidence and Corporate Risk Management," SFB 649 Discussion Papers SFB649DP2012-018, Sonderforschungsbereich 649, Humboldt University, Berlin, Germany.
  4. Fabling, Richard & Grimes, Arthur, 2008. "Do Exporters Cut the Hedge? Who Hedges, When and Why?," Occasional Papers 08/2, Ministry of Economic Development, New Zealand.
  5. Rossi, José Luiz Júnior, 2011. "Hedge or Speculation? Evidence of the use of derivatives by Brazilian firms during the financial crisis," Insper Working Papers wpe_243, Insper Working Paper, Insper Instituto de Ensino e Pesquisa.
  6. Fauver, Larry & Naranjo, Andy, 2010. "Derivative usage and firm value: The influence of agency costs and monitoring problems," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 16(5), pages 719-735, December.

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