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Adopting better corporate governance: Evidence from cross-border mergers

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  • Bris, Arturo
  • Brisley, Neil
  • Cabolis, Christos

Abstract

Cross-border mergers allow firms to alter the level of protection they provide to their investors, because target firms usually import the corporate governance system of the acquiring company by law. Therefore, cross-border mergers provide a natural experiment to analyze the effects of changes in corporate governance on firm value, and on an industry as a whole. We construct measures of the change in investor protection induced by cross-border mergers in a sample of 7330 'national industry years' (spanning 39 industries in 41 countries in the period 1990-2001. We find that the Tobin's Q of an industry -- including its unmerged firms -- increases when firms within that industry are acquired by foreign firms coming from countries with better shareholder protection and better accounting standards. We present evidence that the transfer of corporate governance practices through cross-border mergers is Pareto improving. Firms that can adopt better practices willingly do so, and the market assigns more value to better protection.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Journal of Corporate Finance.

Volume (Year): 14 (2008)
Issue (Month): 3 (June)
Pages: 224-240

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Handle: RePEc:eee:corfin:v:14:y:2008:i:3:p:224-240

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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/jcorpfin

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Anusha Chari & Paige P. Ouimet & Linda L. Tesar, 2004. "Enhancing the Benefits for India and Other Developing Countries in the Doha Development Agenda Negotiations," Working Papers 511, Research Seminar in International Economics, University of Michigan.
  2. Erel, Isil & Liao, Rose C. & Weisbach, Michael S., 2010. "World Market for Mergers and Acquisitions," SIFR Research Report Series 75, Institute for Financial Research, revised 01 Jun 2011.
  3. Arturo Bris & Christos Cabolis, 2008. "The Value of Investor Protection: Firm Evidence from Cross-Border Mergers," Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, vol. 21(2), pages 605-648, April.
  4. Martynova, Marina & Renneboog, Luc, 2008. "A century of corporate takeovers: What have we learned and where do we stand?," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 32(10), pages 2148-2177, October.
  5. Martynova, M. & Renneboog, L.D.R., 2008. "Spillover of Corporate Governance Standards in Cross-Border Mergers and Acquisitions," Discussion Paper 2008-008, Tilburg University, Tilburg Law and Economic Center.
  6. Loureiro, Gilberto, 2010. "The reputation of underwriters: A test of the bonding hypothesis," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 16(4), pages 516-532, September.
  7. Burns, Natasha & Liebenberg, Ivonne, 2011. "U.S. takeovers in foreign markets: Do they impact emerging and developed markets differently?," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 17(4), pages 1028-1046, September.
  8. Hasan, Iftekhar & Xie, Ru, 2012. "A note on foreign bank entry and bank corporate governance in China," BOFIT Discussion Papers 8/2012, Bank of Finland, Institute for Economies in Transition.
  9. Bris, Arturo & Koskinen, Yrjö & Nilsson, Mattias, 2003. "The Euro and Corporate Valuations," Working Paper Series in Economics and Finance 525, Stockholm School of Economics, revised 06 Dec 2003.
  10. Anusha Chari & Paige P. Ouimet & Linda L. Tesar, 2004. "Acquiring Control in Emerging Markets: Evidence from the Stock Market," NBER Working Papers 10872, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  11. Rui Albuquerque & Luis Brandao-Marques & Miguel A. Ferreira & Pedro Matos, 2013. "International Corporate Governance Spillovers: Evidence from Cross-Border Mergers and Acquisitions," IMF Working Papers 13/234, International Monetary Fund.
  12. Goergen, M. & Renneboog, L.D.R., 2008. "Contractual Corporate Governance," Discussion Paper 2008-41, Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research.
  13. Allayannis, George & Lel, Ugur & Miller, Darius P., 2012. "The use of foreign currency derivatives, corporate governance, and firm value around the world," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 87(1), pages 65-79.
  14. Francis, Bill B. & Hasan, Iftekhar & Sun, Xian & Waisman, Maya, 2014. "Can firms learn by observing? Evidence from cross-border M&As," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 25(C), pages 202-215.
  15. Steven Globerman & Daniel Shapiro, 2004. "Assessing International Mergers And Acquisitions As A Mode Of Foreign Direct Investment," International Finance 0404009, EconWPA.
  16. Moskalev, Sviatoslav A., 2010. "Foreign ownership restrictions and cross-border markets for corporate control," Journal of Multinational Financial Management, Elsevier, vol. 20(1), pages 48-70, February.
  17. Kim, Woochan & Sung, Taeyoon & Wei, Shang-Jin, 2014. "The Diffusion of Corporate Governance to Emerging Markets: Evaluating Two Dimensions of Investor Heterogeneity," MPRA Paper 56485, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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