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Effects of inclusive public agricultural extension service: Results from a policy reform experiment in western China

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  • Hu, Ruifa
  • Cai, Yaqing
  • Chen, Kevin Z.
  • Huang, Jikun

Abstract

The top–down public agricultural extension system in China and its early commercialization reforms during the 1990s have left millions of farmers without access to extension services. A pilot inclusive agricultural extension system was introduced in 2005 to better meet the diverse needs of small-scale farmers. Three key features of the experiment are (1) inclusion of all farmers as target beneficiaries, (2) effective identification of farmers' extension service needs, and (3) an accountability system to provide better agricultural extension services to farmers. This paper describes design of the reform initiative and examines its effect on farmers' access to extension services. Based on farmer supplied data from six counties for the years 2005 to 2007, this paper shows that inclusive reform initiatives significantly improve farmers' access to and actually received of agricultural extension services as well as their adoption of new technologies. Implications for further reforms to the agricultural extension system are also discussed.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal China Economic Review.

Volume (Year): 23 (2012)
Issue (Month): 4 ()
Pages: 962-974

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Handle: RePEc:eee:chieco:v:23:y:2012:i:4:p:962-974

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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/chieco

Related research

Keywords: Agricultural extension; Farmers' technology needs; Accountability system;

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References

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  1. Hu, Ruifa & Cao, Jianmin & Huang, Jikun & Peng, Shaobing & Huang, Jianliang & Zhong, Xuhua & Zou, Yingbin & Yang, Jianchang & Buresh, Roland J., 2007. "Farmer participatory testing of standard and modified site-specific nitrogen management for irrigated rice in China," Agricultural Systems, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 94(2), pages 331-340, May.
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  3. Huang, Jikun & Rozelle, Scott, 1996. "Technological change: Rediscovering the engine of productivity growth in China's rural economy," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 49(2), pages 337-369, May.
  4. Anderson, Jock R. & Feder, Gershon, 2003. "Rural extension services," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2976, The World Bank.
  5. Klerkx, Laurens & Leeuwis, Cees, 2008. "Matching demand and supply in the agricultural knowledge infrastructure: Experiences with innovation intermediaries," Food Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 33(3), pages 260-276, June.
  6. HU, Ruifa & YANG, Zhijian & KELLY, Peter & HUANG, Jikun, 2009. "Agricultural extension system reform and agent time allocation in China," China Economic Review, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 20(2), pages 303-315, June.
  7. Robert K. Lindner, 1993. "Privatising The Production Of Knowledge: Promise And Pitfalls For Agricultural Research And Extension," Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society, vol. 37(3), pages 205-225, December.
  8. Lindner, Robert K., 1993. "Privatising the Production of Knowledge: Promise and Pitfalls for Agricultural Research and Extension," 1993 Conference (37th), February 9-11, 1993, Sydney, Australia, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society 147400, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society.
  9. Shenggen Fan, 2000. "Research Investment and the Economic Returns To Chinese Agricultural Research," Journal of Productivity Analysis, Springer, Springer, vol. 14(2), pages 163-182, September.
  10. Umali-Deininger, Dina, 1997. "Public and Private Agricultural Extension: Partners or Rivals?," World Bank Research Observer, World Bank Group, World Bank Group, vol. 12(2), pages 203-24, August.
  11. Jikun Huang & Fangbin Qiao & Linxiu Zhang & Scott Rozelle, 2000. "Farm Pesticide, Rice Production, and Human Health," EEPSEA Research Report, Economy and Environment Program for Southeast Asia (EEPSEA) rr2000051, Economy and Environment Program for Southeast Asia (EEPSEA), revised May 2000.
  12. Lindner, Robert K., 1993. "Privatising The Production Of Knowledge: Promise And Pitfalls For Agricultural Research And Extension," Australian Journal of Agricultural Economics, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society, vol. 37(03), December.
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Cited by:
  1. Yamada, Nanae & Sui, Shuyan, 2013. "Response of local producers to agro-food port rejection : the case of Chinese vegetable exports," IDE Discussion Papers, Institute of Developing Economies, Japan External Trade Organization(JETRO) 390, Institute of Developing Economies, Japan External Trade Organization(JETRO).

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