Modeling the variability of solar radiation data among weather stations by means of principal components analysis
AbstractMeasurements of global terrestrial solar radiation (Rs) are commonly recorded in meteorological stations. Daily variability of Rs has to be taken into account for the design of photovoltaic systems and energy efficient buildings. Principal components analysis (PCA) was applied to Rs data recorded at 30 stations in the Mediterranean coast of Spain. Due to equipment failures and site operation problems, time series of Rs often present data gaps or discontinuities. The PCA approach copes with this problem and allows estimation of present and past values by taking advantage of Rs records from nearby stations. The gap infilling performance of this methodology is compared with neural networks and alternative conventional approaches. Four principal components explain 66% of the data variability with respect to the average trajectory (97% if non-centered values are considered). A new method based on principal components regression was also developed for Rs estimation if previous measurements are not available. By means of multiple linear regression, it was found that the latent variables associated to the four relevant principal components can be fitted according to the latitude, longitude and altitude of the station where data were recorded from. Additional geographical or climatic variables did not increase the predictive goodness-of-fit. The resulting models allow the estimation of daily Rs values at any location in the area under study and present higher accuracy than artificial neural networks and some conventional approaches considered. The proposed methodology for estimating Rs based on geographical parameters would be of interest to design solar energy systems and to select their best location.
Download InfoIf you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to look for a different version under "Related research" (further below) or search for a different version of it.
Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Elsevier in its journal Applied Energy.
Volume (Year): 88 (2011)
Issue (Month): 8 (August)
Contact details of provider:
Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/wps/find/journaldescription.cws_home/405891/description#description
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Mohandes, M. & Rehman, S. & Halawani, T.O., 1998. "Estimation of global solar radiation using artificial neural networks," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 14(1), pages 179-184.
- Bosch, J.L. & López, G. & Batlles, F.J., 2008. "Daily solar irradiation estimation over a mountainous area using artificial neural networks," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 33(7), pages 1622-1628.
- Mellit, A. & Kalogirou, S.A. & Hontoria, L. & Shaari, S., 2009. "Artificial intelligence techniques for sizing photovoltaic systems: A review," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 13(2), pages 406-419, February.
- Janjai, S. & Pankaew, P. & Laksanaboonsong, J., 2009. "A model for calculating hourly global solar radiation from satellite data in the tropics," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 86(9), pages 1450-1457, September.
- Dorvlo, Atsu S. S. & Jervase, Joseph A. & Al-Lawati, Ali, 2002. "Solar radiation estimation using artificial neural networks," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 71(4), pages 307-319, April.
- Fadare, D.A., 2009. "Modelling of solar energy potential in Nigeria using an artificial neural network model," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 86(9), pages 1410-1422, September.
- Alam, Shah & Kaushik, S.C. & Garg, S.N., 2009. "Assessment of diffuse solar energy under general sky condition using artificial neural network," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 86(4), pages 554-564, April.
- López, G. & Batlles, F.J. & Tovar-Pescador, J., 2005. "Selection of input parameters to model direct solar irradiance by using artificial neural networks," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 30(9), pages 1675-1684.
- Li, Baibing & Martin, Elaine B. & Morris, A. Julian, 2002. "On principal component analysis in L1," Computational Statistics & Data Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 40(3), pages 471-474, September.
- Rehman, Shafiqur & Mohandes, Mohamed, 2008. "Artificial neural network estimation of global solar radiation using air temperature and relative humidity," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 36(2), pages 571-576, February.
- Al-Alawi, S.M. & Al-Hinai, H.A., 1998. "An ANN-based approach for predicting global radiation in locations with no direct measurement instrumentation," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 14(1), pages 199-204.
- Bakirci, Kadir, 2009. "Models of solar radiation with hours of bright sunshine: A review," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 13(9), pages 2580-2588, December.
- Mellit, A. & Benghanem, M. & Arab, A. Hadj & Guessoum, A., 2005. "An adaptive artificial neural network model for sizing stand-alone photovoltaic systems: application for isolated sites in Algeria," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 30(10), pages 1501-1524.
- Wang, Lunche & Gong, Wei & Li, Chen & Lin, Aiwen & Hu, Bo & Ma, Yingying, 2013. "Measurement and estimation of photosynthetically active radiation from 1961 to 2011 in Central China," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 111(C), pages 1010-1017.
- Pan, Tao & Wu, Shaohong & Dai, Erfu & Liu, Yujie, 2013. "Estimating the daily global solar radiation spatial distribution from diurnal temperature ranges over the Tibetan Plateau in China," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 107(C), pages 384-393.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Zhang, Lei).
If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.
If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.
If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.
Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.