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Coal consumption and economic growth revisited

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  • Wolde-Rufael, Yemane
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    Abstract

    This paper revisits the causal relationship between coal consumption and real GDP for six major coal consuming countries for the period 1965-2005 within a vector autoregressive (VAR) framework by including capital and labour as additional variables. Applying a modified version of the Granger causality test due to Toda and Yamamoto [Toda HY, Yamamoto T. Statistical inference in vector autoregressions with possibly integrated process. J Econom 1995;66:225-50], we found a unidirectional causality running from coal consumption to economic growth in India and Japan while the opposite causality running from economic growth to coal consumption was found in China and South Korea. In contrast there was a bi-directional causality running between economic growth and coal consumption in South Africa and the United States. Variance decomposition analysis seems to confirm our Granger causality results. The policy implication is that measures adopted to mitigate the adverse effects of coal consumption may be taken without harming economic growth in China and South Korea. In contrast, for the remaining four countries conservation measures can harm economic growth.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Applied Energy.

    Volume (Year): 87 (2010)
    Issue (Month): 1 (January)
    Pages: 160-167

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    Handle: RePEc:eee:appene:v:87:y:2010:i:1:p:160-167

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    Related research

    Keywords: Coal consumption Causality Toda-Yamamoto Variance decomposition;

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    Cited by:
    1. Chandran Govindaraju, V.G.R. & Tang, Chor Foon, 2013. "The dynamic links between CO2 emissions, economic growth and coal consumption in China and India," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 104(C), pages 310-318.
    2. Wonglimpiyarat, Jarunee, 2010. "Technological change of the energy innovation system: From oil-based to bio-based energy," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 87(3), pages 749-755, March.
    3. Prapatchon Jariyapan, 2012. "Determination of transport CO2 emission using the General Method of Moments: Empirical evidence from 16 countries," The Empirical Econometrics and Quantitative Economics Letters, Faculty of Economics, Chiang Mai University, vol. 1(2), pages 1-12, June.
    4. Bruns, Stephan B. & Gross, Christian, 2013. "What if energy time series are not independent? Implications for energy-GDP causality analysis," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 40(C), pages 753-759.
    5. Satti, Saqlain Latif & Hassan, Muhammad shahid & Mahmood, Haider & Shahbaz, Muhammad, 2013. "Coal Consumption: An Alternate Energy Resource to Fuel Economic Growth in Pakistan," MPRA Paper 50147, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 17 Sep 2013.
    6. Apergis, Nicholas & Payne, James E., 2010. "The causal dynamics between coal consumption and growth: Evidence from emerging market economies," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 87(6), pages 1972-1977, June.
    7. Sahbi Farhani & Muhammad Shahbaz & Ilhan Ozturk, 2014. "Coal Consumption, Industrial Production and CO2 Emissions in China and India," Working Papers 2014-225, Department of Research, Ipag Business School.
    8. Muhammad SHAHBAZ & Smile DUBE, 2012. "Revisiting the Relationship between Coal Consumption and Economic Growth: Cointegration and Causality Analysis in Pakistan," Applied Econometrics and International Development, Euro-American Association of Economic Development, vol. 12(1).
    9. Bruns, Stephan B. & Gross, Christian & Stern, David I., 2013. "Is There Really Granger Causality Between Energy Use and Output?," FCN Working Papers 11/2013, E.ON Energy Research Center, Future Energy Consumer Needs and Behavior (FCN).
    10. Sharma, Susan Sunila, 2010. "The relationship between energy and economic growth: Empirical evidence from 66 countries," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 87(11), pages 3565-3574, November.
    11. Sharma, Susan Sunila, 2011. "Determinants of carbon dioxide emissions: Empirical evidence from 69 countries," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 88(1), pages 376-382, January.
    12. Kumar, Saten & Shahbaz, Muhammad, 2010. "Coal Consumption and Economic Growth Revisited: Structural Breaks, Cointegration and Causality Tests for Pakistan," MPRA Paper 26151, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    13. Menyah, Kojo & Wolde-Rufael, Yemane, 2010. "Energy consumption, pollutant emissions and economic growth in South Africa," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 32(6), pages 1374-1382, November.
    14. Bahadori, Alireza & Vuthaluru, Hari B., 2010. "Estimation of potential savings from reducing unburned combustible losses in coal-fired systems," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 87(12), pages 3792-3799, December.
    15. Apergis, Nicholas & Payne, James E., 2010. "Coal consumption and economic growth: Evidence from a panel of OECD countries," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 38(3), pages 1353-1359, March.
    16. Li, Qi & Wei, Ya-Ni & Liu, Guizhen & Lin, Qing, 2014. "Combination of CO2 geological storage with deep saline water recovery in western China: Insights from numerical analyses," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 116(C), pages 101-110.
    17. Yildirim, Ertugrul & Aslan, Alper & Ozturk, Ilhan, 2012. "Coal consumption and industrial production nexus in USA: Cointegration with two unknown structural breaks and causality approaches," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 16(8), pages 6123-6127.

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