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Cathode–anode side interaction in SOFC hybrid systems


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  • Ferrari, Mario L.
  • Massardo, Aristide F.
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    Cathode–anode interaction, mainly based on cathode versus anode volume influence, recirculation performance, and turbomachinery integration, is an important issue for pressurised SOFC hybrid systems, and this aspect must be carefully considered to prevent fuel cell ceramic material failures through a reliable control system. Over the last 10years, several theoretical analyses of this issue have been carried out at the University of Genoa. These interaction studies have been analysed and an experimental approach (for model validation, system development and prototype design activities) has been applied using emulator facilities or real plants. In particular, general hybrid system layouts based on the coupling of pressurized SOFC stacks of different geometries (planar, tubular, etc.) with a gas turbine bottoming cycle have been investigated using the hybrid system emulator facility of the University of Genoa. The experimental results are focused on the interaction between gas turbine and anodic circuit and on cathode–anode differential pressure behaviour for design, off-design and transient hybrid system operative conditions. The information obtained in these tests is essential to understand the main features of the variables that drive the phenomena and to design a suitable control system that can mitigate the differential pressure values during all plant operating conditions.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Applied Energy.

    Volume (Year): 105 (2013)
    Issue (Month): C ()
    Pages: 369-379

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    Handle: RePEc:eee:appene:v:105:y:2013:i:c:p:369-379

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    Keywords: SOFC hybrid system; Microturbine; Test rig; Cathode–anode interaction;


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    Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
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    1. Calise, F. & Ferruzzi, G. & Vanoli, L., 2009. "Parametric exergy analysis of a tubular Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC) stack through finite-volume model," Applied Energy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 86(11), pages 2401-2410, November.
    2. Quirion, Philippe, 2010. "Complying with the Kyoto Protocol under uncertainty: Taxes or tradable permits?," Energy Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 38(9), pages 5166-5173, September.
    3. Ferrari, Mario L. & Pascenti, Matteo & Traverso, Alberto N. & Massardo, Aristide F., 2012. "Hybrid system test rig: Chemical composition emulation with steam injection," Applied Energy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 97(C), pages 809-815.
    4. Andersson, Martin & Yuan, Jinliang & Sundén, Bengt, 2010. "Review on modeling development for multiscale chemical reactions coupled transport phenomena in solid oxide fuel cells," Applied Energy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 87(5), pages 1461-1476, May.
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    Cited by:
    1. Komatsu, Y. & Brus, G. & Kimijima, S. & Szmyd, J.S., 2014. "The effect of overpotentials on the transient response of the 300W SOFC cell stack voltage," Applied Energy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 115(C), pages 352-359.


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