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Water management institutional reform: A representative look at northern China

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Author Info

  • Huang, Qiuqiong
  • Rozelle, Scott
  • Wang, Jinxia
  • Huang, Jikun

Abstract

Our goal is to provide information regarding water management reform in China by increasing understanding of newly emerging water institutions and identifying factors that lead to the creation of reform-oriented irrigation institutions (Water User Associations and/or contracting) in one place but not in another. Using two sets of survey data, one of which is representative of northern China, we find that water management reform has spread steadily. Between 20% and 30% of villages in northern China have shifted away from traditional forms of management. In their places, some villages are hiring individual contractors; others are adopting Water User Associations. While China's new forms of water governance are not very participatory (from the farmer's point of view), water managers--especially contractors--are increasingly being given more incentives to save water and to manage their village's water more effectively. Water scarcity, other village characteristics, and policies implemented by local and regional government water officials are the main drivers of water management reform.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Agricultural Water Management.

Volume (Year): 96 (2009)
Issue (Month): 2 (February)
Pages: 215-225

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Handle: RePEc:eee:agiwat:v:96:y:2009:i:2:p:215-225

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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/agwat

Related research

Keywords: Water user associations Contracting Collective management China;

References

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  1. Huang, Jikun & Rozelle, Scott & Rosegrant, Mark W., 1997. "China's food economy to the twenty-first century: supply, demand, and trade," 2020 vision discussion papers 19, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
  2. Albert Park & Scott Rozelle, 1998. "Reforming state-market relations in rural China," The Economics of Transition, The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, vol. 6(2), pages 461-480, November.
  3. Wang, Jinxia & Huang, Jikun & Rozelle, Scott, 2005. "Evolution of tubewell ownership and production in the North China Plain," Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society, vol. 49(2), June.
  4. Rozelle, Scott, et al, 2000. "Bureaucrat to Entrepreneur: The Changing Role of the State in China's Grain Economy," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 48(2), pages 227-52, January.
  5. Vermillion, D. L., 1997. "Impacts of irrigation management transfer: a review of the evidence," IWMI Books, Reports H020352, International Water Management Institute.
  6. Wang, Jinxia & Xu, Zhigang & Huang, Jikun & Rozelle, Scott, 2005. "Incentives in water management reform: assessing the effect on water use, production, and poverty in the Yellow River Basin," Environment and Development Economics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 10(06), pages 769-799, December.
  7. Hehui Jin & Yingyi Qian & Barry Weingast, 1999. "Regional Decentralization and Fiscal Incentives: Federalism, Chinese Style," Working Papers 99013, Stanford University, Department of Economics.
  8. Huang, Qiuqiong & Rozelle, Scott & Msangi, Siwa & Wang, Jinxia & Huang, Jikun, 2008. "Water management reform and the choice of contractual form in China," Environment and Development Economics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 13(02), pages 171-200, April.
  9. Lin, Justin Yifu, 1992. "Rural Reforms and Agricultural Growth in China," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 82(1), pages 34-51, March.
  10. Blanke, Amelia & Rozelle, Scott & Lohmar, Bryan & Wang, Jinxia & Huang, Jikun, 2007. "Water saving technology and saving water in China," Agricultural Water Management, Elsevier, vol. 87(2), pages 139-150, January.
  11. Linxiu Zhang & Jikun Huang & Scott Rozelle, 2003. "China's War on Poverty: Assessing Targeting and the Growth Impacts of Poverty Programs," Journal of Chinese Economic and Business Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 1(3), pages 301-317.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Fang, Q.X. & Ma, L. & Green, T.R. & Yu, Q. & Wang, T.D. & Ahuja, L.R., 2010. "Water resources and water use efficiency in the North China Plain: Current status and agronomic management options," Agricultural Water Management, Elsevier, vol. 97(8), pages 1102-1116, August.
  2. Gorton, Matthew & Sauer, Johannes & Peshevski, Mile & Bosev, Dane & Shekerinov, Darko & Quarrie, Steve, 2008. "Water Communities In The Republic Of Macedonia: An Empirical Analysis Of Membership Satisfaction And Payment Behaviour," 82nd Annual Conference, March 31 - April 2, 2008, Royal Agricultural College, Cirencester, UK 36852, Agricultural Economics Society.
  3. Zhang, Lei & Heerink, Nico & Dries, Liesbeth & Shi, Xiaoping, 2013. "Water users associations and irrigation water productivity in northern China," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 95(C), pages 128-136.

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