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Using accounting ratios to distinguish between Islamic and conventional banks in the GCC region

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  • Olson, Dennis
  • Zoubi, Taisier A.

Abstract

This study determines whether it is possible to distinguish between conventional and Islamic banks in the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) region on the basis of financial characteristics alone. Islamic banks operate under different principles, such as risk sharing and the prohibition of interest, yet both types of banks face similar competitive conditions. The combination of effects makes it unclear whether financial ratios will differ significantly between the two categories of banks. We input 26 financial ratios into logit, neural network, and k-means nearest neighbor classification models to determine whether researchers or regulators could use these ratios to distinguish between the two types of banks. Although the means of several ratios are similar between the two categories of banks, non-linear classification techniques (k-means nearest neighbors and neural networks) are able to correctly distinguish Islamic from conventional banks in out-of-sample tests at about a 92% success rate.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal The International Journal of Accounting.

Volume (Year): 43 (2008)
Issue (Month): 1 (March)
Pages: 45-65

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Handle: RePEc:eee:accoun:v:43:y:2008:i:1:p:45-65

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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/inca/620179

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References

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  1. Pamela K. Coats & L. Franklin Fant, 1993. "Recognizing Financial Distress Patterns Using a Neural Network Tool," Financial Management, Financial Management Association, vol. 22(3), Fall.
  2. Olson, Dennis & Mossman, C, 2001. "Cross-Correlations and Predictability of Stock Returns," Journal of Forecasting, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 20(2), pages 145-60, March.
  3. Aggarwal, Rajesh K & Yousef, Tarik, 2000. "Islamic Banks and Investment Financing," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 32(1), pages 93-120, February.
  4. Pesaran, M.H. & Timmermann, A., 1990. "A Simple, Non-Parametric Test Of Predictive Performance," Cambridge Working Papers in Economics 9021, Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge.
  5. Grais, Wafik & Pellegrini, Matteo, 2006. "Corporate governance and Shariah compliance in institutions offering Islamic financial services," Policy Research Working Paper Series 4054, The World Bank.
  6. Knez, Peter J & Ready, Mark J, 1996. "Estimating the Profits from Trading Strategies," Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, vol. 9(4), pages 1121-63.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Mohamed M. Mostafa, 2011. "Modeling Islamic banks' efficiency: a non-parametric frontier approach," International Journal of Islamic and Middle Eastern Finance and Management, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 4(1), pages 7-29, April.
  2. Jean-Yves MOISSERON & Bruno-Laurent MOSCHETTO & Frédéric TEULON, 2014. "Islamic finance a review of the literature," Working Papers 2014-093 Keywords : Islam, Department of Research, Ipag Business School.
  3. Ayesha Hamid & Omar Masood, 2011. "Selection criteria for Islamic home financing: a case study of Pakistan," Qualitative Research in Financial Markets, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 3(2), pages 117-130, June.
  4. Hanudin Amin & Mohamad Rizal Abdul Hamid & Suddin Lada & Ricardo Baba, 2009. "Cluster analysis for bank customers' selection of Islamic mortgages in Eastern Malaysia: An empirical investigation," International Journal of Islamic and Middle Eastern Finance and Management, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 2(3), pages 213-234, August.
  5. Asma Mghaieth & Imen Khanchel El Mehdi, 2014. "The determinants of cost/profit efficiency of Islamic banks before, during and after the crisis of 2007-2008 using SFA approach," Working Papers 2014-107, Department of Research, Ipag Business School.
  6. Beck, Thorsten & Demirgüç-Kunt, Asli & Merrouche, Ouarda, 2013. "Islamic vs. conventional banking: Business model, efficiency and stability," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 37(2), pages 433-447.
  7. Samir Srairi, 2010. "Cost and profit efficiency of conventional and Islamic banks in GCC countries," Journal of Productivity Analysis, Springer, vol. 34(1), pages 45-62, August.
  8. Bourkhis, Khawla & Nabi, Mahmoud Sami, 2013. "Islamic and conventional banks' soundness during the 2007–2008 financial crisis," Review of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 22(2), pages 68-77.
  9. Olson, Dennis & Zoubi, Taisier A., 2011. "Efficiency and bank profitability in MENA countries," Emerging Markets Review, Elsevier, vol. 12(2), pages 94-110, June.

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