Measuring the price responsiveness of gasoline demand: Economic shape restrictions and nonparametric demand estimation
AbstractThis paper develops a new method for estimating a demand function and the welfare consequences of price changes. The method is applied to gasoline demand in the U.S. and is applicable to other goods. The method uses shape restrictions derived from economic theory to improve the precision of a nonparametric estimate of the demand function. Using data from the U.S. National Household Travel Survey, we show that the restrictions are consistent with the data on gasoline demand and remove the anomalous behavior of a standard nonparametric estimator. Our approach provides new insights about the price responsiveness of gasoline demand and the way responses vary across the income distribution. We find that price responses vary nonmonotonically with income. In particular, we find that low- and high-income consumers are less responsive to changes in gasoline prices than are middle-income consumers. We find similar results using comparable data from Canada.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Econometric Society in its journal Quantitative Economics.
Volume (Year): 3 (2012)
Issue (Month): 1 (03)
Other versions of this item:
- Richard Blundell & Joel Horowitz & Matthias Parey, 2011. "Measuring the price responsiveness of gasoline demand: economic shape restrictions and nonparametric demand estimation," CeMMAP working papers CWP24/11, Centre for Microdata Methods and Practice, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
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CeMMAP working papers
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- Richard Blundell & Joel Horowitz & Matthias Parey, 2013. "Nonparametric estimation of a heterogeneous demand function under the Slutsky inequality restriction," CeMMAP working papers CWP54/13, Centre for Microdata Methods and Practice, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
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- Chang, Dongfeng & Serletis, Apostolos, 2012. "Imposing local curvature in the QUAIDS," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 115(1), pages 41-43.
- Jerry Hausman & Whitney Newey, 2013. "Individual heterogeneity and average welfare," CeMMAP working papers CWP34/13, Centre for Microdata Methods and Practice, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
- Fengler, Matthias & Hin, Lin-Yee, 2011. "Semi-nonparametric estimation of the call price surface under strike and time-to-expiry no-arbitrage constraints," Economics Working Paper Series 1136, University of St. Gallen, School of Economics and Political Science, revised May 2013.
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